Which bacteria is used for biofertilizer?

Biofertilizers such as Rhizobium, Azotobacter, Azospirilium and blue green algae (BGA) have been in use a long time. Rhizobium inoculant is used for leguminous crops. Azotobacter can be used with crops like wheat, maize, mustard, cotton, potato and other vegetable crops.

What are the examples of biofertilizers?

There are five biofertilizers viz. Rhizobium, Azotobacter, Azospirillum, Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria and mycorrhiza , which have been incorporated in India’s Fertilizer Control Order (FCO), 1985. Rhizobium, Azotobacter, Azospirillum and blue green algae(BGA) have been traditionally used as Biofertilizers.

How are bacteria involved in biofertilizers?

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are naturally-occurring soil bacteria able to benefit plants by improving their productivity and immunity. These bacteria are associated with the rhizosphere, the part of soil under the influence of plant roots and their exudates.

What is biofertilizer name 3 biofertilizer?

They are saprotrophic anaerobes such as Clostridium beijerinckii, Azotobacter, etc. Among all the types of biofertilizers, Rhizobium and Azospirillum are most widely used.

Why is Azolla a biofertilizer?

Azolla is water fern which is also used as a biofertilizer. There are around 80,000 symbiotic cyanobacteria present on its leaves. Symbiotic cyanobacteria Anabaena Azollae is responsible for nitrogen-fixation which increases the fertility of the soil and in turn enhances the yield.

Is Rhizobium a biofertilizer?

It is a biofertilizer that contains symbiotic Rhizobium bacteria which is the most important nitrogen-fixing organism.

What is Azotobacter biofertilizer?

It is a biofertilizer that contains non-symbiotic Azotobacter bacteria which has the ability to fix atmospheric Nitrogen. It is recommended for non-leguminous crops like Paddy, Wheat, Millets, Cotton, Tomato, Cabbage, Mustard, Safflower, Sunflower, etc..

Is Anabaena a biofertilizer?

Cyanobacteria, such as Nostoc and Anabaena strains, have great potential as nitrogenous biofertilizer derived from solar energy due to their possession and elegant coordination of photoautotrophy (CO2 fixation through the Calvin cycle by vegetative cells) and diazotrophy (atmospheric dinitrogen fixation by the …

Where is azotobacter found?

Azotobacter representatives can commonly be found in soil, water, sediments, and plant roots (Aquilanti et al., 2004). Azotobacter species are generally found in slightly acidic to alkaline soils, which often governs the occurrence of certain species (Becking, 2006).

What is azotobacter biofertilizer?

Can bacteria be used as biofertilizers?

Bacterial biodiversity is enormous and so biofertilizers. It would suffice to search among the myriads of bacteria for novel species that promote plant growth and crop yields. used in commercial products ( Burdman et al ., 2000; Lucy et al ., 2004). Yet crops as biopesticides or biocontrol agents. Azospirillum inoculants are

What is a biofertilizer?

In this chapter, a biofertilizer is a product that contains plant growth and crop yield through different mechanisms. The term (Siddiqui and Mahmood, 1999; Burdman et al., 2000; Vessey, 2003). either be symbiotic or non-symbiotic.

How many types of microorganisms are used as biofertilizers?

Microorganisms as biofertilizers are of various types. Each type has its exclusive function and capability. There are broadly 6 types of microbes used as biofertilizers. 1. Rhizobia Rhizobia are used as a fixating component for nitrogen in a coalition with the roots of leguminous crops.

Is Azotobacter a biofertilizer?

Just like Azotobacter, this bacterial biofertilizer does not associate itself with leguminous crops. But they are also not free-living and while fixing the nitrogen, they reside inside the root of the plant. Besides fixing the nitrogen, it can largely contribute to the plant’s growth.