What is the structure of indirect speech?

In indirect speech, the structure of the reported clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command….Backshift.

direct speech indirect speech
They said: ‘We’re going home.’ They told us they were going home.

What is the effect of using direct speech in tales?

There was no effect of indirect speech quotations on reading times. There also was no effect for speed of movement on reading times. It thus seems that the use of direct speech causes the speaker’s voice to be more activated in the reader’s mind than the use of indirect speech.

What are reported commands?

Reported Orders, Commands and Requests are formed using the to-infinitive and not to-infinitive. The reporting verbs for the orders/ commands/ requests are: order, shout, demand, warn, beg, command, tell, insist, beseech, threaten, implore, ask, propose, forbid…

What are the two parts of a direct speech?

Speech reports consist of two parts: the reporting clause and the reported clause. The reporting clause includes a verb such as say, tell, ask, reply, shout, usually in the past simple, and the reported clause includes what the original speaker said. ….

What is an example of indirect speech?

In linguistics, indirect speech (also reported speech or indirect discourse) is a grammatical mechanism for reporting the content of another utterance without directly quoting it. For example, the English sentence Jill said she was coming is indirect discourse while Jill said “I’m coming” would be direct discourse.

How can we change indirect speech?

In the given sentence, ‘shall’ cannot be changed to should as the speech is not reported by the original speaker. It would change to ‘would’. Thus, option C is the correct answer according to the rules.

What are the rules for reported speech?

Everyday Grammar: You Can Master Reported Speech

  • Rules for reporting speech.
  • The first rule is to choose a reporting verb and tense.
  • The second rule is to change the perspective, or point of view.
  • Next, choose whether to include “that or “if.”
  • The fourth rule is to “backshift” the tense.
  • Reporting on questions.

Where do we use direct speech?

When we want to describe what someone said, one option is to use direct speech. We use direct speech when we simply repeat what someone says, putting the phrase between speech marks: Paul came in and said, “I’m really hungry.”

What is a reported speech and examples?

Reported speech is when we tell someone what another person said. To do this, we can use direct speech or indirect speech. direct speech: ‘I work in a bank,’ said Daniel. indirect speech: Daniel said that he worked in a bank.

Where do you put speech marks?

Quotation marks and other punctuation marks In the United States, the rule of thumb is that commas and periods always go inside the quotation marks, and colons and semicolons (dashes as well) go outside: “There was a storm last night,” Paul said.

How do you teach reported speech?

How to Teach Reported Speech in 3 Steps

  1. Get rid of the quotation marks and comma, and insert ‘that’ after the word ‘said’
  2. Backshift the verb (make it more past)
  3. Change the point-of-view words (certain pronouns, determiners, and adverbs) to fit the new context.

Do you need to start a new paragraph every time someone speaks?

Each new line of dialogue is indented, and a new paragraph should be started every time a new person is speaking. It should be concise. Long, wordy passages of dialogue might seem like a good way to get information across, but they can be tedious for the reader. It should communicate character information.

How many types of reported speech are there?


What is the importance of direct speech?

It helps give a good portrayal of the characters. Direct speech reveals the tone and moods of the characters. Indirect speech, if not used properly, creates a distance between the utterance and the reader’s perception of it.

How do you start a new paragraph in a speech?

“I’m so tired of that scene.” Even with dialogue that is clearly attributed, start a new paragraph with each new speaker. The reader shouldn’t have to wait until after the dialogue is spoken to understand who is saying it. Readers form ideas and draw conclusions as they read.

How do you teach reported speech in a fun way?

Fun ways of practising Reported Speech

  1. Reported speech reversi.
  2. Go betweens.
  3. What they told you.
  4. Reported speech pairwork dictation.
  5. Reported speech pairwork dictation same or different.
  6. Pairwork dictation match the sentences.
  7. Pairwork dictation match the dialogue pairs.
  8. Reported Speech sentence completion guessing game.

What is the structure of reported speech?

Speech reports consist of two parts: the reporting clause and the reported clause. The reporting clause includes a verb such as say, tell, ask, reply, shout, usually in the past simple, and the reported clause includes what the original speaker said..

Can we use direct speech in story writing?

In reports and stories, a writer often wants to tell the reader what someone has said. There are two ways of doing this. The speaker’s words can either be reported (in a style known as reported speech), or they can be quoted directly in what’s called direct speech.

What is called direct speech?

Direct speech is a report of the exact words used by a speaker or writer. Also called direct discourse. Direct speech is usually placed inside quotation marks and accompanied by a reporting verb, signal phrase, or quotative frame.

How should reported speech be changed?

Modal verbs could, might, would, should, ought, had better usually do not change in reported speech.

  1. Direct speech: “I should go to the dentist.”
  2. Reported speech: He said that he should go to the dentist.

How do you split a speech?

Rule #8: You can split a quoted sentence into two parts that are wrapped around the verb of speaking. When the quoted sentence is split, you put a comma after the first chunk of quoted speech, and you also put a comma after the verb of speaking clause. Here is an example: “I challenge you,” the hare said, “to a race!”

How do you identify direct speech?

Direct speech. In direct speech, we quote the exact words that were spoken. We put quotation marks around what was said and add a speech tag such as he said “or ” “she asked” either before or after the . 3quote.

What is the importance of indirect speech?

‘ The enabling potential of indirect speech lies in allowing us to give voice to thoughts or experiences that may be possible to express propositionally only in part.

Do you put full stops in speech bubbles?

The dialogic visual language of texting speech bubbles, pinging left and right on your phone, has little use for full stops. A single-line text needs no punctuation to show that it has ended. In lieu of a full stop, we press “send”. The end of a text is now more commonly marked by a kiss, or an emoji, than a full stop.

How do you convert direct speech to reported speech?

But, if the reporting verb is in the past tense, then usually we change the tenses in the reported speech: Direct speech: I like ice cream. Reported speech: She said (that) she liked ice cream….

Tense Direct Speech Reported Speech
present perfect I haven’t seen Julie She said (that) she hadn’t seen Julie.