What is the most common cause of pediatric stroke?

Cardiac. Cardiac disease is the most common cause of stroke in childhood, accounting for up to a third of all AIS [4]. In children with a cardiac repair or catheterization, nearly 50% of strokes occur within 72 hours.

What is basal ganglia infarct?

This type of stroke occurs when blood leaks from a burst, torn, or unstable blood vessel into the tissue in the brain. The buildup of blood can create swelling, pressure, and, ultimately, brain damage. Many basal ganglia strokes are hemorrhagic strokes, which often result from uncontrolled high blood pressure.

What are the symptoms of a basal ganglia stroke?

Some people with basal ganglia stroke may experience numbness or difficulty feeling on the body parts affected by stroke. Without the ability to feel sensations throughout the body, it can make motor impairments even more difficult. The brain needs sensory input in order to make coordinated movements.

How is pediatric stroke diagnosed?

Pediatric Stroke Diagnosis catheter angiogram (a thin, flexible tube is inserted into blood vessels, contrast is injected, and X-rays are used to take pictures of the arteries and veins in the brain) echocardiogram (an ultrasound of the heart) blood tests for clotting disorders.

What are four possible causes of a stroke when it affects a child?

injury to an artery (a blood vessel that brings oxygen) in the brain. dehydration. genetic disorders like Moyamoya, a rare disease that affects arteries in the brain. an infection, such as meningitis or chickenpox.

What happens if basal ganglia is damaged?

Damage to the basal ganglia cells may cause problems controlling speech, movement, and posture. This combination of symptoms is called parkinsonism. A person with basal ganglia dysfunction may have difficulty starting, stopping, or sustaining movement.

How do you fix a basal ganglia?

How to Treat Basal Ganglia Damage

  1. Medication: Doctors may prescribe medication, such as trihexyphenidyl and baclofen, to help keep muscle spasms and other effects like dystonia, at bay.
  2. Botox injections: Botox helps block all the nerve signals to the targeted muscle and reduce spasms.

Can damage to basal ganglia be reversed?

One of the best ways to restore function and treat basal ganglia brain damage is through neuroplasticity. Neuroplasticity refers to the brain’s ability to repair itself, create new neural pathways, and strengthen existing ones. Pathways are best enhanced through repetitive exercise, or massed practice.

What is pediatric Ischemic Stroke?

Pediatric stroke is a rare condition affecting one in every 4,000 newborns and an additional 2,000 older children each year. Stroke is a type of blood vessel (cerebrovascular) disorder. Strokes can be categorized as ischemic (caused by insufficient blood flow) and hemorrhagic (caused by bleeding into the brain).

What is pediatric ischemic stroke?