What is the meaning of Schistosoma?

Definition of schistosome : any of a genus (Schistosoma) of elongated trematode worms with the sexes separate that parasitize the blood vessels of birds and mammals and cause a destructive human schistosomiasis broadly : a worm of the family (Schistosomatidae) that includes this genus.

What is the common name for Schistosoma?

Parasites – Schistosomiasis Schistosomiasis, also known as bilharzia, is a disease caused by parasitic worms.

Which of the three types of worms is Schistosoma?

Schistosomiasis (Bilharziasis) is caused by some species of blood trematodes (flukes) in the genus Schistosoma. The three main species infecting humans are Schistosoma haematobium, S. japonicum, and S. mansoni.

What is the other name for bilharzia?

Schistosomiasis, also known as bilharzia, is an infection caused by a parasitic worm that lives in fresh water in subtropical and tropical regions. The parasite is most commonly found throughout Africa, but also lives in parts of South America, the Caribbean, the Middle East and Asia.

What is schistosomiasis PDF?

Schistosomiasis (bilharzia) is a neglected tropical disease caused by parasitic flatworms (blood flukes) of the genus Schistosoma, with considerable morbidity in parts of the Middle East, South America, Southeast Asia and, particularly, in sub-Saharan Africa.

What does Schistosoma cause?

Children who are repeatedly infected can develop anemia, malnutrition, and learning difficulties. After years of infection, the parasite can also damage the liver, intestine, lungs, and bladder. Rarely, eggs are found in the brain or spinal cord and can cause seizures, paralysis, or spinal cord inflammation.

How many types of Schistosoma are there?

There are three main species of schistosome that cause schistosomiasis in humans: Schistosoma haematobium. Schistosoma mansoni. Schistosoma japonicum.

What type of organism is schistosomiasis?

Schistosomiasis, also known as bilharzia, is a disease caused by parasitic worms. Infection with Schistosoma mansoni, S. haematobium, and S. japonicum causes illness in humans; less commonly, S.

What are the two major forms of schistosomiasis?

There are 2 major forms of schistosomiasis – intestinal and urogenital – caused by 5 main species of blood fluke.

Can you pee out a worm?

Urinary schistosomiasis is a disease caused by infection of people with the parasitic worm Schistosoma haematobium. These worms live in blood vessels around the infected person’s bladder and the worm releases eggs which are released in the person’s urine.

Can worms come in urine?

Schistosoma parasites can penetrate the skin of persons who are wading, swimming, bathing, or washing in contaminated water. Within several weeks, worms grow inside the blood vessels of the body and produce eggs. Some of these eggs travel to the bladder or intestines and are passed into the urine or stool.

Is Schistosomatidae a genus?

Schistosomatidae. The four species in this genus have recently (2012) been moved to the genus Schistosoma on the basis of morphology and molecular studies. The genus name should now be regarded as a junior synonym of Schistosoma . The genera Bivitellobilharzia and Schistosoma form a clade in this family.

How did Schistosoma get its name?

In 1858 Weinland proposed the name Schistosoma ( Greek: ‘split body’) after the male worms’ morphology. Despite Bilharzia having precedence the genus name Schistosoma was officially adopted by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature.

Are Schistosomatids dioecious or heteroecious?

Schistosomatids are dioecious (individuals are of separate sexes) which is exceptional with regards to their phylum, Platyhelminthes, in which most species are hermaphrodidic (individuals possess both male and female reproductive systems).

Are schistosomes found in humans?

Immature developmental stages of schistosomes are found in molluscs and adults occur in vertebrates. The best studied group, the blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma, infect and cause disease in humans. Other genera which are infective to non-human vertebrates can cause mild rashes in humans.