What is the best height for a handrail?

The top surface of the handrail should be between 34 and 38 inches above the floor, or above the Nosing Line. Some installation guides suggest marking the height by measuring from the nosings of the steps.

What angle should handrail be?

The angle should be between 20 and 38 degrees.

What is the maximum gap between balusters?

U.S. building codes mandate that balusters have no more than a 4-inch gap between them. This relatively tight amount of spacing still allows for visibility between spindles, but also stands as a safety measure to prevent small children from becoming stuck between spindles or from slipping through the balusters.

What is the difference between balusters and balustrade?

Balusters can be made of wood, iron, stone and other materials. The term baluster is interchangeable with the word spindle. A balustrade is comprised of an assembled top rail, balusters or spindles and often a bottom rail, posts, post caps, and decorative finials.

How far apart should brackets be on a handrail?

36 to 48 inches apart
We recommend spacing the Brackets 36 to 48 inches apart. In most cases, it is desirable to transition the Handrail past the last stair with a horizontal rail of 6 to 12 inches. Some local codes require this extension be 12 inches.

How thick should a handrail be?

Handrail Dimensions A railing attached to a wall must be at least 1¼ inch and no more than 2 inches thick. The support brackets must hold the railing at a distance of at least 1½ inches from the wall and project a maximum of 3½ inches from the wall. The surface of a railing must be smooth, with no sharp corners.

How many brackets do I need for a handrail?

Determine how many brackets you need. You need one at the top and one at the bottom. You also need additional brackets, spaced no more than 4 feet apart in the middle of the handrail to provide additional support.

What is the minimum distance between balusters?

Balusters are the vertical guards that support the handrail. They must be installed close enough that the space between them is less than 4 inches. Most city inspectors carry a 4-inch ball with them to test the spacing. Installed balusters should withstand 50 pounds of pressure exerted over a 1-sq.

How do you work out balustrade spacing?

Measure the length of the space between the end supports of the balustrade. For this example, assume it’s 13 feet 5 ½ inches, or 161 ½ inches. Divide that length by four to determine the number of spaces you will need while having a minimum of 4 inches distance between balusters.

Why do handrails have to return to the wall?

Handrail returns are the individual segments connecting the end of a railing to the wall, a newel post, or a surface (like a sidewalk). Returns help protect individuals from the sharp edge of the rail; they also serve as a support system for individuals with mobility issues.