What is Nelson syndrome?
Nelson syndrome is a disorder characterized by abnormal hormone secretion, enlargement of the pituitary gland (hypophysis), and the development of large and invasive growths known as adenomas. It occurs in an estimated 15 to 25 percent of people who undergo surgical removal of the adrenal glands for Cushing disease.
What is the treatment for gigantism?
Surgery. Removing the tumor is the preferred treatment for gigantism if it’s the underlying cause. The surgeon will reach the tumor by making an incision in your child’s nose. Microscopes or small cameras may be used to help the surgeon see the tumor in the gland.
What is the first line treatment for acromegaly?
Transsphenoidal surgery is the preferred first-line treatment for patients with acromegaly that have intrasellar microadenomas, noninvasive macroadenomas or patients in whom the tumor is causing compression symptoms.
How is acromegaly managed?
Management and Treatment The most common treatments for acromegaly are surgery, medication and radiation therapy: Surgery: In many cases, surgery greatly improves acromegaly symptoms or corrects the condition entirely.
What are the symptoms of Sheehan’s syndrome?
The symptoms of Sheehan syndrome occur as a result of the low hormone levels. These may include an inability to produce breast milk, irregular or absent periods, hot flashes, and a decreased sex drive. Other symptoms may include fatigue, headaches, low blood pressure, and hair loss.
What is Panhypopit?
(pan-HY-poh-pih-TOO-ih-tuh-rih-zum) A rare condition in which the pituitary gland stops making most or all hormones. Pituitary hormones help control the way many parts of the body work.
How gigantism is caused?
Acromegaly is a hormonal disorder that develops when your pituitary gland produces too much growth hormone during adulthood. When you have too much growth hormone, your bones increase in size. In childhood, this leads to increased height and is called gigantism.
Who is at risk for acromegaly?
Acromegaly is usually diagnosed in adults aged 30 to 50, but it can affect people of any age. When it develops before the end of puberty, it’s known as “gigantism”.
Which drug is beneficial in the treatment of patients with acromegaly?
The drugs octreotide (Sandostatin) and lanreotide (Somatuline Depot) are man-made (synthetic) versions of somatostatin. Taking one of these drugs signals the pituitary gland to produce less GH, and may even reduce the size of a pituitary tumor.
What drugs treat acromegaly?