What is depth of processing in psychology?

By “depth of processing”, we mean, the way in which a person thinks about a piece of information, for example, a shallow level of processing of a word would be to skim over a sentence and to understand the sentence without dwelling on the individual word.

What is processing theory in psychology?

The premise of Information Processing Theory is that creating a long-term memory is something that happens in stages; first we perceive something through our sensory memory, which is everything we can see, hear, feel or taste in a given moment; our short-term memory is what we use to remember things for very short …

What are the three levels of processing in psychology?

Three levels of processing: Visceral, Behavioral, and Reflective.

How is depth of processing related to memory?

Depth of processing falls on a shallow to deep continuum. Shallow processing (e.g., processing based on phonemic and orthographic components) leads to a fragile memory trace that is susceptible to rapid decay. Conversely, deep processing (e.g., semantic processing) results in a more durable memory trace.

How does the depth of processing impact memory recall?

Craik and Lockhart’s (1972) describes memory recall in terms of level of processing, the shallower the processing the more fragile the memory and the more susceptible to decay.

Why is deep processing more effective?

Deeper processing results in more effective encoding and retrieval than shallow processing (Goldstein, 2011, pp. 174-175). Deep processing implicates semantic processing which occurs when we determine the meaning of a word and associate it with similar words with related meaning.

What are some deep processing strategies?

Deep Processing

  • In class: focused attention, listening for something new, notes support understanding of material.
  • Interpreting information – making it meaningful for you.
  • Relating to prior knowledge.
  • Creating a mental image.
  • Preread assignments so that material in class makes sense, look for connections.

What are the levels of the processing theory?

The difference in how people attend to information forms the basis for Craik and Lockhart’s (1972) levels of processing model. Their theory proposes that humans undertake three levels of processing, shallow intermediate or deep, when dealing with verbal information.

How could you increase your depth of processing for something you are studying?

Spreading out your study time helps you practice retrieving a memory. Which of these is a highly effective way to increase your depth of processing for a list? Think about how each item on the list might aid your survival. A professor tries to memorize the names of all the students in a large class.

What is depth psychology?

Depth psychological approaches to psychotherapy are now joined by depth psychological approaches to community, cultural, and ecological issues. Pacifica students and graduates help the field evolve through their scholarship, creative work, and actions in the world.

What is meant by depth of processing?

Depth of processing describes how you interact with the information. In a structural interaction, you are only focused on the symbols being used to form the words. This would represent a very shallow processing of the information, because you are not really even thinking about what you read.

What is an example of deep processing in psychology?

For example, the subject had to determine the pattern of consonants and vowels in the word. The deeper processing again improved recall even though it took less time than the shallow processing procedure.

How does the depth of information processing affect the brain?

In more recent studies, it has been shown that the depth of processing of the information influences activity in the brain. In studies using techniques to view functional activity of the brain, it has been shown that more diverse areas of the brain are active when a subject is processing information at greater depths (Nyberg, 2002).