What is a fief vassal serf?
A fief (/fiːf/; Latin: feudum) was the central element of feudalism. It consisted of heritable property or rights granted by an overlord to a vassal who held it in fealty (or “in fee”) in return for a form of feudal allegiance and service, usually given by the personal ceremonies of homage and fealty.
Who were lord vassals?
A vassal or liege subject is a person regarded as having a mutual obligation to a lord or monarch (the suzerain), in the context of the feudal system in medieval Europe. The obligations often included military support by knights in exchange for certain privileges, usually including land held as a tenant or fief.
What is a serf?
noun. a person in a condition of feudal servitude, required to render services to a lord, commonly attached to the lord’s land and transferred with it from one owner to another.
What is the difference between a lord and a serf?
Serfs were the poorest of the peasant class, and were a type of slave. Lords owned the serfs who lived on their lands. In exchange for a place to live, serfs worked the land to grow crops for themselves and their lord. In addition, serfs were expected to work the farms for the lord and pay rent.
What describes a fief?
In European feudalism, a fief was a source of income granted to a person (called a vassal) by his lord in exchange for his services. The fief usually consisted of land and the labor of peasants who were bound to cultivate it.
What was the role of the vassal?
vassal, in feudal society, one invested with a fief in return for services to an overlord. Some vassals did not have fiefs and lived at their lord’s court as his household knights. Certain vassals who held their fiefs directly from the crown were tenants in chief and formed the most important feudal group, the barons.
What is a fief in feudalism?
fief, in European feudal society, a vassal’s source of income, held from his lord in exchange for services. The fief constituted the central institution of feudal society. feudalism.
What did the lord gave the serf?
What the lord gave back to the serf was meals on work days,protection provided by vassals,and a small strip of land.
What is vassal in world history?
What is lower than a serf?
Status-wise, the bordar or cottar ranked below a serf in the social hierarchy of a manor, holding a cottage, garden and just enough land to feed a family.
What is a vassal in feudalism?
What is a lord in the Middle Ages?
In the Middle Ages, a lord was a man who held land directly from the king. Although medieval lords constituted around one percent of the population, they occupied a position of status and power within medieval society as a result of their economic relationship with the king.