What are the problems of mineral exploitation in Nigeria?

Abstract- Mineral exploration and processing have caused varying degree of environmental damage in Nigeria. These include alteration of ecological state, air, water, soil pollution, destruction of soil flora and fauna, loss of vegetation, landscape degradation and radiation emission.

What are the exploitation of mineral resources?

Exploitation of Mineral Resources

  • Deforestation and desertification.
  • Extinction of species.
  • Rapid depletion of high grade minerals.
  • Forced migration.
  • Wastage of upper soil layer and vegetation.
  • Soil erosion and oil depletion.
  • Ozone depletion.
  • Greenhouse gas increase.

What are the problems resulting from the exploitation of mineral resources?

The exploitation of mineral resources has caused different types of environmental damage. Aigbedion and Iyayi (2007) , report ecological disturbance, destruction of natural flora and fauna, pollution of land, air, and water, instability of soil and rock masses, landscape degradation, and radiation hazards.

What are the problems of mineral resources in Nigeria?

Based on the findings of this study, the problems of solid minerals in Nigeria are inadequate basic infrastructural, illegal mining, unfavorable laws in the sector, high capital outlay, inadequate professional in the sector and many more.

What are the effects of mineral exploitation to humans?

Studies indicate that mining is one of the most perilous occupation in the world in terms of injuries and fatalities, and also due to the long term health effects associated with it. Long term effects include respiratory problems such as pneumoconiosis, asbestosis, and silicosis.

What is mining discuss the impact of over exploitation of mining on environment?

Mining is the extraction of minerals and other geological materials of economic value from deposits on the Earth. Mining adversely affects the environment by inducing loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, and contamination of surface water, groundwater, and soil. Mining can also trigger the formation of sinkholes.

How the exploitation of mineral resources affect the environment?

The environmental impact of exploitation includes air, land and water pollution, damage to vegetation, ecological disturbance, degradation of the natural landscape, radiation hazards, geological hazards and socio-economic problems (Aigbedion & Iyayi, 2007; Miranda et al., 2003).

What does mineral exploitation mean?

mineral exploitation means execution of any excavation, drilling or search well according to paragraph 1 of this Article or exploitation of any mining source by any manner aiming at the mining of a mineral including search and discovery within a mining body; Sample 1. Based on 1 documents 1.

What are the major environmental issues associated with mineral resources?

The negative impacts of mineral extraction includes unsightly workings, mineral waste piles and pollution from acidic water containing heavy metals. Mineral planning at local, regional, national and EU level ensures the environment is protected and that resources are used sustainably.

How is the environment affected by the exploitation extraction and use of mineral resources?

Mining operations often pollute the atmosphere, surface waters and ground water. Rainwater seeping through spoil heaps may become heavily contaminated, acidic or turbid, with potentially devastating effects on nearby streams and rivers.

How can we protect the exploitation of minerals as our resources?

Conserving natural resources is a broad topic, but here are 10 things we can do to start protecting the earth’s resources.

  1. Make Electricity Use More Efficient.
  2. Use More Renewable Energy.
  3. Promote Sustainable Fishing Rules.
  4. Avoid Single-Use Plastics.
  5. Drive Less.
  6. Recycle More and Improve Recycling Systems.

How can we protect the exploitation of minerals?

Measures to conserve minerals resources are as follows: Use of minerals in a planned and sustainable manner, recycling of metals. Use of alternative renewable substitutes. Improvising the technology so that low-grade ores can be used profitably.