What are the most common craniofacial anomalies?

The most common conditions include cleft lip, cleft palate and craniosynostosis syndromes, in which one or more bones of the skull and face fuse prematurely. Craniofacial anomalies may result from a birth defect, injury or tumor, and they vary considerably in the symptoms they cause and their severity.

What causes facial deformities in children?

Facial Palsy Facial paralysis in children can be caused by the failure of the brainstem nuclei to develop (a condition known as Moebius Syndrome), a trauma to the nucleus of the facial nerve, and tumors or trauma to the facial nerve.

How common are craniofacial abnormalities?

In the U.S., approximately 600,000 individuals have been diagnosed with a craniofacial condition, and Children’s National Hospital treats hundreds of patients with these disorders each year.

What disabilities cause facial deformities?

Craniofacial Disorders

  • Apert Syndrome.
  • Cleft Lip/Palate.
  • Craniosynostosis.
  • Crouzon Syndrome.
  • Facial Cleft.
  • Facial Paralysis.
  • Hemifacial Microsomia/Goldenhar Syndrome.
  • Treacher-Collins.

What is Goldenhar syndrome?

Goldenhar syndrome is a rare congenital condition characterized by abnormal development of the eye, ear and spine. Also known as oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum or OAV, Goldenhar syndrome was first documented in 1952 by Maurice Goldenhar, an ophthalmologist and general practitioner.

Is craniofacial hereditary?

Craniofacial microsomia most often occurs in a single individual in a family and is not inherited.

What are craniofacial abnormalities?

Craniofacial anomalies are deformities that affect a child’s head and facial bones. These disorders are typically present at birth (congenital) and can range from mild to severe. Common craniofacial anomalies include: cleft lip and palate: a separation in the lip and the palate.

Is craniofacial a genetic disorder?

Craniofacial malformations include a variety of anomalies, including cleft lip with or without cleft palate, craniosynostosis, microtia, and hemifacial microsomia. All of these anomalies can be either isolated or part of a defined genetic syndrome.

What is Stickler syndrome?

Stickler syndrome is a genetic disorder that can cause serious vision, hearing and joint problems. Also known as hereditary progressive arthro-ophthalmopathy, Stickler syndrome is usually diagnosed during infancy or childhood.