What are the factors responsible for the disintegration of Soviet Union Class 12?

Factors responsible for Disintegration of U.S.S.R: (i) Internal weaknesses of Soviet political and economic institutions. Economic stagnation for many years led to consumer shortages. (iii) Ordinary citizens became more knowledgeable about the economic advancement of the West.

What do you mean by shock therapy class 12?

Answer: Shock Therapy was a painful process of transition from an authoritarian socialist system to a democratic capitalist system. This transformation system was influenced by the world bank and the IMF in Russia, Central Asia and East Europe. It systematically destroyed old system of social welfare.

What was Cuban missile crisis Class 12?

In 1962, the leader of the Soviet Union, Nikita Khrushchev, placed nuclear missiles in Cuba for converting it into a Russian base. This clash between the USA and the USSR came to be known as the Cuban Missile Crisis. It made the whole world nervous.

What does the end of bipolarity mean?

In December 1991, under the leadership of Yeltsin, Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, three major republics of the USSR, declared that the Soviet Union was disbanded. The Communist party of the Soviet Union was banned.

Which one of the following statements about the Berlin Wall is false?

The End of Bipolarity. Which one of the following statements about the Berlin wall is false ? It symbolized the division between the Capitalist ;and the Communist world. It was built immediately after the Second World War.

What was the consequences of disintegration?

Disintegration of Soviet Union gave an end to Cold War confrontations and to ideological disputes between two superpowers. Military alliances had been abolished and demand arose for world peace and security.

What were the causes of Cold War class 12?

-At the conclusion of World War II, tensions between the two countries. -The conflict of ideology or philosophy between both the United States and the Soviet Union. -The emergence of atomic weapons, and the fear of United States communism.

What is meant by shock therapy?

Shock therapy is an economic theory that says that sudden, dramatic changes in national economic policy can turn a state-controlled economy into a free-market economy. Shock therapy is intended to boost economic production, increase the rate of employment, and improve living conditions.

What is Cold War class 12?

The Cold War referred to the competition, the tensions and a series of confrontations between the US and Soviet Union. It never escalated into a hot war, i.e. a full-scale war between these two powers. 2. The US and USSR decided to collaborate in limiting or eliminating certain kinds of nuclear and non-nuclear weapons.

Which two ideologies fought the Cold War?

Communism and Capitalism (democracy) were two ideologies involved in the conflict during the Cold War era.

Why is the fall of Berlin Wall in 1989 treated as the end of bipolarity?

Why is the fall of Berlin wall in 1989 considered as the end of bipolarity? The Berlin wall symbolised the division between the capitalist and the communist world. Hence, its fall is considered as the end of bipolarity as it was the beginning of the end of the communist bloc.

Why was the Cold War an ideological conflict?

This difference in ideology was a major source of the conflict between the two nations because throughout the Cold War, the Soviet Union sought to expand communism to other regions and the United States sought to stop it with its policy of containment. It was a significant step in the early stages of the Cold War.

What is Soviet Union Class 12?

The two features of the Soviet system were : The Soviet system was based on state welfare where the state was engaged in mass production to meet the needs of the people. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) controlled the government and dominated the political decision-making.

Which three events signify the end of bipolarity?


  • End of cold war confrontations. ideological disputes over. stop Arms Race. make piece in world.
  • Power relation in world politics. Multi polar system. Liberal democracy emerged best way to organised political life.
  • Emergence of new countries ( end of soviet bloc ).

What is shock therapy was it the best form of infection from communism to capitalism?

Was this the best way to make a transition from communism to capitalism ? The process of transition from an authoritarian socialist system to a democratic capitalist system, that was influenced by the World Bank and the IMF came to be known as ‘Shock Therapy’.

What are the consequences of disintegration of USSR?

Consequences of the disintegration of the USSR

  • The fall of second world.
  • The period marked the end of many communist regimes in response to mass protests.
  • End of cold war: End of arms race, end of ideological confrontations.
  • Change in power equations: Unipolar world, capitalist ideology, IMF, World Bank etc.

How did Gorbachev bring about disintegration of USSR class 12?

Mikhail Gorbachev, who had become General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1985, sought to reform the system. He introduced economic and political reform policies of perestroika (restructuring) and glasnost (openness). A coup took place in 1991 that was encouraged by Communist Party hardliners.

What were the features of the Soviet system?

Features of the Soviet system: (i) The Soviet System was very bureaucratic and authoritarian. (ii) Lack of democracy and the absence of freedom of speech. (iii) Tight control over all institutions and was unaccountable to the people.

Why was the Cuban missile crisis called the high point of the Cold War in class 12?

Answer: The Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962 was a direct and dangerous confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War and was the moment when the two superpowers came closest to nuclear conflict. Such turn of events brought the two countries closest to the nuclear war.

Is NAM relevant today Class 12?

(i) NAM contains some core values and enduring ideas. It is based on a recognition that decolonised states or newly independent states of Asia, Africa and Latin America share a historical affiliation and can become a powerful force if they come together. The above core ideas are still relevant today.

What were 5 causes of the Cold War?

Causes of the Cold War in 1945

  • * American fear of communist attack.
  • * Truman’s dislike of Stalin.
  • * USSR’s fear of the American’s atomic bomb.
  • * USSR’s dislike of capitalism.
  • * USSR’s actions in the Soviet zone of Germany.
  • * America’s refusal to share nuclear secrets.
  • * USSR’s expansion west into Eastern Europe + broken election promises.

Why was USSR disintegrated?

Gorbachev’s decision to allow elections with a multi-party system and create a presidency for the Soviet Union began a slow process of democratization that eventually destabilized Communist control and contributed to the collapse of the Soviet Union.

What was India’s response to Cold War 12?

In response to the Cold War, India adopted a two-pronged strategy to combat it. These were : Firstly, it stayed away from the power blocs and their influence. Secondly, it criticized those countries which were newly independent and subsequently becoming allies of the two power blocs.

Why is it said that collapse of Berlin Wall signified the collapse of bipolar world?

Why is it said the collapse of Berlin Wall signified the collapse of the bi-polar world? The Berlin wall symbolised the division between the capitalist and the communist world. The collapse of Berlin wall marked the unification of the two parts of Germany and the beginning of the end of the communist bloc.