What are the complications of diabetes and hypertension?

Diabetes damages arteries and makes them targets for hardening, called atherosclerosis. That can cause high blood pressure, which if not treated, can lead to trouble including blood vessel damage, heart attack, and kidney failure.

What is the most common complication of DM?

Here are the four most common complications associated with diabetes:

  1. Heart disease. A diabetic has twice a non-diabetic’s likelihood of dying of heart disease, including stroke.
  2. Foot problems. Diabetes reduces circulation.
  3. Kidney disease. Diabetes is the foremost cause of kidney disease.
  4. Eye problems.

Is DM a risk factor for HTN?

The study found that 61.2% of the DM patients had hypertension. 64.4% of female and 53.1% of male DM patients had hypertension. Female sex was associated with increased risk of hypertension (P=0.0001).

How does DM cause hypertension?

Patients with diabetes mellitus experience increased peripheral artery resistance caused by vascular remodeling and increased body fluid volume associated with insulin resistance-induced hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia. Both of these mechanisms elevate systemic blood pressure.

What are some complications of diabetes?

What are the major complications of diabetes?

  • Eye problems (retinopathy)
  • Diabetes foot problems are serious and can lead to amputation if untreated.
  • Heart attack and stroke.
  • Kidney problems (nephropathy)
  • Nerve damage (neuropathy)
  • Gum disease and other mouth problems.
  • Related conditions, like cancer.

How does sugar affect blood pressure?

“Consuming sugar increases insulin levels,” study author James DiNicolantonio tells me, “which activates the sympathetic nervous system, leading to increases in heart rate and blood pressure.” It also apparently reduces the sensitivity of the receptors that regulate our blood pressure.

What is the first complication of diabetes?

The most common early complication of diabetes, related to insulin treatment, is hypoglycemia.

What is DM and HTN in medical terms?

Introduction. Hypertension (HTN) is present in more than 50% of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and contributes significantly to both micro and macrovascular disease in DM (1-4) (Fig 1).

What are the complications of type 2 diabetes?

Potential complications of diabetes and frequent comorbidities include:

  • Heart and blood vessel disease.
  • Nerve damage (neuropathy) in limbs.
  • Other nerve damage.
  • Kidney disease.
  • Eye damage.
  • Skin conditions.
  • Slow healing.
  • Hearing impairment.

Can high sugar cause low blood pressure?

Your nerve sensors in your arteries that monitor blood pressure may not work as effectively if you have diabetes — especially if you have poor blood sugar control — making them more prone to a drastic drop in blood pressure.

Does insulin raise blood pressure?

Insulin can increase blood pressure via several mechanisms: increased renal sodium reabsorption, activation of the sympathetic nervous system, alteration of transmembrane ion transport, and hypertrophy of resistance vessels.

What are the complications of diabetes mellitus (DM)?

These complications include microvascular and macrovascular disorders. The macrovascular complications, which are well recognized in patients with longstanding diabetes or hypertension, include coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, stroke, congestive heart failure, and peripheral vascular disease.

How does diabetes mellitus (DM) cause hypertension (high blood pressure)?

Patients exhibit hyperinsulinemia with insulin resistance due to impaired glucose tolerance and early-stage diabetes. Hypertension occurs because of increased body fluid volume. After reaching mid-stage diabetes the vascular remodeling has progressed and peripheral vascular resistance also contributes to hypertension.

What are the complications of high blood pressure and diabetes?

Diabetes and hypertension complications The combined impact of diabetes and high blood pressure can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, and other health problems. In 2012, researchers quoted figures suggesting that 30%

What are the effects of diabetes mellitus on the heart?

The effects of this include diabetic retinopathy and nephropathy, and may also result, in extreme cases, in gangrene. There are also effects on large blood vessels that appear to mirror an acceleration of atherosclerosis, causing increased incidence of myocardial infarction and stroke.