How do you use Chicago style in-text citations?

Basic Format In-text citations can be done in two ways: 1. Use a signal phrase that introduces the author’s name; place the year of publication in parentheses. If you are including a direct quote, put the page number(s) in parentheses as well.

Which type of punctuation is used to introduce a series of items?


Do you use a comma to separate items in a series?

The important things to remember about using commas in series are these:

  1. A series includes 3 or more items of the same type (words or groups of words).
  2. The series is connected by and, or, or nor before the last item.
  3. A comma separates items in the series, including the final item preceded by and, or, or nor.

Do you put comma after eventually?

I’m assuming you’re asking about “eventually” at the beginning of a sentence, as in “Eventually, the rain will stop.” Rule-wise, any introductory word or phrase must be followed by a comma if it is three or more word long or for clarity. But for words like eventually, obviously, however, etc., the comma is OPTIONAL.

When listing items Where do commas go?

Rule 1. Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew. Note: When the last comma in a series comes before and or or (after daughter-in-law in the above example), it is known as the Oxford comma.

When listing multiple items do you use a comma?

When we have a list of three or more items, we use a comma to split the items in the list. This comma is known as a listing comma, e.g. I like rice, beans, and plantains. Listing commas can usually be replaced by “and” or “or,” e.g. I like rice and beans and plantains.

Do you use a colon or a semicolon before a list?

Something is clearly missing. This means that no colon is needed and it would be incorrect to use one before the list. So if you have a list, remember you only use a colon before it if the list follows a clause that could be used on its own.

How do you end a quote with an exclamation mark?

Exclamatory Quotations Put the exclamation point inside the closing quotation marks if it applies to the words enclosed by the quotation marks. “There’s a spider on my arm!” yelped Jeremy. If the exclamation point applies to the sentence as a whole, then place it at the very end.

Do you put the period before or after the citation?

Citation follows the quotation marks; period follows the citation….Shorthand: “pq”

  1. When the quotation is merged into a clause, no punctuation is necessary to divide them.
  2. If the quotation is preceded by a form of a word like say, reply, or answer, that word is followed by a comma.

Which Colon comes before a list?

Use a colon to introduce an item or list, if the list comes after a complete sentence or independent clause. For example: There are three things every dog needs: food, water and healthcare.

What words do you put commas after?

Commas (Eight Basic Uses)

  • Use a comma to separate independent clauses.
  • Use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase.
  • Use a comma between all items in a series.
  • Use commas to set off nonrestrictive clauses.
  • Use a comma to set off appositives.
  • Use a comma to indicate direct address.
  • Use commas to set off direct quotations.