Do Enchondromas grow?
Can an enchondroma grow? Enchondromas can grow and compress healthy bone tissue. However, most enchondromas are benign. Benign cartilage tumors usually don’t spread or destroy bone tissue.
What is Enchondroma distal femur?
Enchondroma is a solitary, benign, intramedullary cartilaginous tumour occurring most commonly in small bones of hands and feet. Distal femur and proximal humerus are other less common locations. Enchondroma consists of 3-10% of all bone tumours, while they constitute 12-24% of benign bone tumours.
Can fibrous cortical defect cause pain?
The fibrous cortical defect is seen as a small radiolucent defect in the metaphyseal cortex, in close proximity to the growth plate. They have asymptomatic, self-limited natural history. Lesions may be asymptomatic. However, as they grow, they may become painful or undergo pathologic fracture.
Do enchondromas go away?
Once enchondromas are removed, most will not return. If a tumor has caused your bone to fracture, your doctor will usually allow the fracture to heal before treating the tumor. The tumor will then be curetted out to prevent another fracture.
Are enchondromas benign?
An enchondroma is a type of benign bone tumor that originates from cartilage. It is not cancerous. It most often affects the cartilage that lines the inside of the bones. Enchondromas are the most common type of hand tumor.
Does enchondroma require surgery?
In the majority of cases, enchondromas do not require treatment. In rare cases, however, multiple tumors may weaken the bone, causing it to fracture. When this occurs, surgery may be needed to remove the tumor and prevent additional fractures.
What causes enchondroma on femur?
The exact cause of enchondroma is not known. However, it is thought to happen due to either of the following: Overgrowth of the cartilage that lines the ends of the bones. Persistent growth of original, embryonic cartilage.
Can benign bone tumors become malignant?
Certain benign tumors can spread or become cancerous (metastasize). Sometimes your doctor may recommend removing the tumor (excision) or using other treatment techniques to reduce the risk of fracture and disability. Some tumors may come back–even repeatedly–after appropriate treatment.
What does Enchondroma mean?
An enchondroma is a type of noncancerous bone tumor that begins in cartilage. Cartilage is the gristly connective tissue from which most bones develop. Cartilage plays an important role in the growth process. There are many different types of cartilage in the body.
How is fibrous cortical defect treated?
In the pediatric population, casting usually is the most appropriate treatment after pathologic fracture to avoid injuring the physes during surgery. FCD may heal spontaneously following fracture. If, after casting and union of the fracture, the lesion does not regress, curettage and grafting are indicated.