What is the most common finding on ECG in congestive heart failure?

The commonest ECG abnormality found in all patients, as well as in those with reduced or preserved LVEF was LVH. The next most frequent abnormality was LAE in patients with reduced LVEF, and sinus tachycardia in those with preserved LVEF.

How do you assess rheumatic heart disease?

How is rheumatic heart disease diagnosed?

  1. Echocardiogram (echo). This test uses sound waves to check the heart’s chambers and valves.
  2. Electrocardiogram (ECG). This test records the strength and timing of the electrical activity of the heart.
  3. Chest X-ray.
  4. Cardiac MRI.
  5. Blood tests.

Can ECG be seen on CHF?

Diagnostic tests for congestive heart failure may include: Resting or exercise electrocardiogram (also known as EKG, ECG, or stress test) Echocardiogram. Computed tomography (CT) scan.

How does an ECG show heart failure?

Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) to assess the heart rate and rhythm. This test can often detect heart disease, heart attack, an enlarged heart, or abnormal heart rhythms that may cause heart failure. Chest X-ray to see if the heart is enlarged and if the lungs are congested with fluid.

How can you tell mi from ECG?

The ECG findings of an acute anterior myocardial infarction wall include:

  1. ST segment elevation in the anterior leads (V3 and V4) at the J point and sometimes in the septal or lateral leads, depending on the extent of the MI.
  2. Reciprocal ST segment depression in the inferior leads (II, III and aVF).

What is the most common ECG finding in a patient with cardiomyopathy?

The ECG is abnormal in over 90 percent of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The most common abnormalities are left ventricular hypertrophy, ST-segment alterations, T-wave inversion, large Q waves and the peculiar diminution of R waves in the lateral precordial leads seen in this patient.”

Can 2D echo detect RHD?

In 2012, WHF introduced the latest echocardiographic criteria to recognize the early stage of RHD. This includes the evaluation of pathological regurgitation jet and morphological features of RHD based on 2D, color, and spectral Doppler criteria.

Who echo criteria for RHD?

Echocardiographic criteria for individuals aged >20 years Definite RHD (either A, B, C, or D): A) Pathological MR and at least two morphological features of RHD of the MV. B) MS mean gradient ≥4 mmHg. C) Pathological AR and at least two morphological features of RHD of the AV, only in individuals aged <35 years.

What does the P wave represent?

The P wave represents the electrical depolarization of the atria. In a healthy person, this originates at the sinoatrial node (SA node) and disperses into both left and right atria.

What is an abnormal ECG?

An abnormal ECG can mean many things. Sometimes an ECG abnormality is a normal variation of a heart’s rhythm, which does not affect your health. Other times, an abnormal ECG can signal a medical emergency, such as a myocardial infarction /heart attack or a dangerous arrhythmia.

What leads show right sided MI?

Right-sided leads The most useful lead is V4R, which is obtained by placing the V4 electrode in the 5th right intercostal space in the mid-clavicular line. ST elevation in V4R has a sensitivity of 88%, specificity of 78% and diagnostic accuracy of 83% in the diagnosis of RV MI.