What is the most common cause of upper airway obstruction in children?
Viral laryngotracheitis is the most common infectious cause of upper airway obstruction in children. Inflammation and the concomitant narrowing of the subglottis are the primary sources of airway obstruction.
What to do if a child has an obstructed airway?
Perform up to five chest thrusts – these are like chest compressions, but sharper in nature and delivered at a slower rate; Following each chest thrust, check to see whether the obstruction has been dislodged; If the obstruction remains, continue alternating up to five back blows with up to five chest thrusts.
How is upper airway obstruction treated?
Treatment depends on the cause of the blockage.
- Objects stuck in the airway may be removed with special instruments.
- A tube may be inserted into the airway (endotracheal tube) to help with breathing.
- Sometimes an opening is made through the neck into the airway (tracheostomy or cricothyrotomy).
What are signs of an upper airway obstruction in a child?
Major signs that will help to identify upper airway obstruction include the following: tachypnea, a change in the sound of the child’s voice or cry, a cough that sounds like a bark, hoarseness, inspiratory stridor, poor chest rise on inspiration, and nasal flaring.
What is the most common cause of upper airway obstruction?
The tongue is the most common cause of upper airway obstruction, a situation seen most often in patients who are comatose or who have suffered cardiopulmonary arrest. Other common causes of upper airway obstruction include edema of the oropharynx and larynx, trauma, foreign body, and infection.
What are the signs of upper airway obstruction?
UPPER AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION Common symptoms include nasal blockage, snoring, shortness of breath, coughing, and choking. The signs are dependent on the cause and can include stridor, abnormal voice, confusion, restlessness, cyanosis, use of accessory muscles, and suprasternal recession.
Which method is used to clear an obstructed airway in an infant?
When a child is choking and can’t breathe or speak, you MUST give abdominal thrusts (the Heimlich maneuver). The Heimlich maneuver pushes air from the child’s lungs which helps to remove the blocking object.
What are signs of upper airway obstruction?
Partial Upper Airway Obstruction In partial airway obstruction, air entry is reduced and usually noisy: Inspiratory stridor – caused by obstruction at the laryngeal level or above. Expiratory wheeze – suggests obstruction of the lower airways, which tend to collapse and obstruct during expiration.
What are the types of upper airway obstruction?
What Are the Types of Upper Airway Obstruction?
- Infectious Airway Obstructions. Numerous infections can obstruct the upper airway.
- Upper Airway Obstruction from Burns.
- Airway Obstructions from Foreign Objects.
- Traumatic Injuries.
- Chronic and Progressive Illnesses.
- The Importance of a Rapid Response.