What is the definition of depression in psychology?

Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems.

What is theoretical models in depression?

According to Seligman’s learned helplessness theory, depression occurs when a person learns that their attempts to escape negative situations make no difference. As a consequence they become passive and will endure aversive stimuli or environments even when escape is possible.

What is depression according to Sigmund Freud?

Freud, in Mourning and Melancholia (1917) describes the state of depression as “mentally characterized by a profoundly painful depression, a loss of interest in the outside world, the loss of the ability to love, the inhibition of any kind of performance and a reduction in the sense of self, expressed in self- …

What is the operational definition of depression?

For example, depression can be operationally defined as people’s scores on a paper-and-pencil depression scale such as the Beck Depression Inventory, the number of depressive symptoms they are experiencing, or whether they have been diagnosed with major depressive disorder.

What is depression definition Wikipedia?

Depression is a mental state of low mood and aversion to activity. Classified medically as a mental and behavioral disorder, the experience of depression affects a person’s thoughts, behavior, motivation, feelings, and sense of well-being.

What is depression in psychology PDF?

INTRODUCTION: Depression is a common. mental disorder that presents with depressed. mood, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of. guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or. appetite, low energy, and poor concentration.

How does Behaviourism explain depression?

Behavioral theory posits that certain environmental changes and avoidant behaviors inhibit individuals from experiencing environmental reward and reinforcement and subsequently leads to the development and maintenance of depressive symptoms.

How do interpersonal theorists explain depression?

According to interpersonal theory, a person with depression has negative interpersonal behaviors that cause other people to reject them. In an escalating cycle, people with depression, who desperately want reassurance from others, start to make an increasing number of requests for reassurance.

What is the meaning of depression in Oxford dictionary?

noun. /dɪˈpreʃn/ /dɪˈpreʃn/ [uncountable] a medical condition in which a person feels very sad, anxious and without hope and often has physical symptoms such as being unable to sleep, etc.

What is the classification of depression?

subthreshold depressive symptoms: fewer than five symptoms of depression. mild depression: few, if any, symptoms in excess of the five required to make the diagnosis, and the symptoms result in only minor functional impairment. moderate depression: symptoms or functional impairment are between ‘mild’ and ‘severe’

What is the DSM 5 code for major depression?

Major Depressive Disorder DSM-5 296.20-296.36 (ICD-10-CM Multiple Codes)

What is the verb for depression?

1 : to press down Depress the “enter” key. 2 : to make sad or discouraged Don’t let the news depress you. 3 : to lessen the activity or strength of Bad weather had depressed sales.