What is phrase clause and sentence?

Phrases are groups of words that act as a part of speech but cannot stand alone as a sentence. Clauses are groups of words that have a subject and a predicate. Independent clauses express a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence.

What is an example of parenthesis?

Use parentheses to enclose information that clarifies or is used as an aside. Example: He finally answered (after taking five minutes to think) that he did not understand the question. If material in parentheses ends a sentence, the period goes after the parentheses. Example: He gave me a nice bonus ($500).

What are examples of relative pronouns?

A relative pronoun is a pronoun that heads an adjective clause. The relative pronouns are “that,” “which,” “who,” “whom,” and “whose.” The dog that stole the pie is back.

What’s a defining clause?

A defining clause looks to the noun modified and singles it out among others that could exist in the context. A defining clause points a finger at the noun modified and says, “that noun, not any others named by that noun.” A defining clause begins with the relative pronoun that and is not set off by commas.

How and when relative clauses can be omitted?

The relative pronoun can only be omitted when it is the object of the clause. When the relative pronoun is the subject of the clause, it cannot be omitted. You can usually tell when a relative pronoun is the object of the clause because it is followed by another subject + verb.

What is the difference between parenthesis and a relative clause?

The easiest way to spot parentheses is by find a pair of commas, dashes or brackets being used as parentheses. Relative clauses are classed as parentheses. That’s because when you remove the relative clause, the original structure still makes sense.

What are the two types of relative clauses?

Relative Clause There are two types of relative clauses: restrictive and nonrestrictive.

What is a relative clause example?

Relative clauses are clauses starting with the relative pronouns who*, that, which, whose, where, when. They are most often used to define or identify the noun that precedes them. Here are some examples: Do you know the girl who started in grade 7 last week?

When can you reduce adjective clauses?

We reduce sentences when you have the same subject in the main clause and the adjective clause. Adjective clauses contain relative pronouns like who, which, or that. The reduced adjective clause becomes an adjective phrase, which does not have a subject.

What are non-defining relative clauses?

Non-defining relative clauses give us extra information about someone or something. It isn’t essential for understanding who or what we are talking about. My grandfather, who’s 87, goes swimming every day. The house, which was built in 1883, has just been opened to the public.

Does a relative clause need a comma?

For each sentence, you will have to decide if the relative clause is essential or nonessential and then use commas accordingly. Essential clauses do not require commas. A relative clause is essential when you need the information it provides. Thus, the relative clause is essential and requires no commas.

What are the types of relative clauses?

There are two types of relative clause: one type refers to a noun or noun phrase (these are defining and non-defining relative clauses) and the other type refers to a whole sentence or clause, especially in speaking..

What are types of clauses?

Clauses come in four types: main (or independent), subordinate (or dependent), adjective (or relative), and noun. Every clause has at least one subject and one verb.

Can non-defining relative clauses be reduced?

Senior Member. You can’t omit the relative pronoun only, but you can omit the relative pronoun plus the verb ‘to be’.

What are the similarities between phrase and clause?

On the other extreme, the clause is a part of a sentence, that contains a subject (noun phrase) that actively performs an action (finite verb form). A phrase is a part of a clause or a sentence. As against, a clause is a sentence fragment. A clause has a subject and predicate, whereas a phrase doesn’t.

What are defining relative clauses?

Relative clauses give us information about the person or thing mentioned. Defining relative clauses give us essential information – information that tells us who or what we are talking about. We usually use a relative pronoun or adverb to start a defining relative clause: who, which, that, when, where or whose.

How do you reduce relative clauses?

Reduced relative clauses modify the subject and not the object of a sentence. Much like adjectives, relative clauses, also known as adjective clauses, modify nouns….Reduce to a​ Past Participle Phrase

  1. Remove the relative pronoun.
  2. Remove the verb “be.”
  3. Place the past participle phrase after the modified noun.

How do you identify a clause?

Steps to identifying clauses

  1. Identify any verbs and verb phrases. A clause always contains at least one verb, typically a lexical verb.
  2. Identify any conjunctions.
  3. Check again.

How do you teach relative clauses?

Relatively Speaking 5 Strategies for Teaching Relative Clauses

  1. Identify In-text. Like with any new grammar form, students benefit from being introduced to relative clauses through exercises that are based first on simply noticing patterns.
  2. Introduce the Structure.
  3. Start to Add Relative Clauses to Sentences.
  4. Use Scrambled Sentences.
  5. Create Relevant Writing Tasks.

How do you change a phrase into a clause?

Clause-to-phrase reduction is a process that consists of several steps. To reduce the underlined clause to a phrase, we do two things: first, we omit the relative pronoun “that”; second, we change the verb “consist” to its -ing form.

Is parenthesis a subordinate clause?

You see, the mildest form of parenthesis, for when you want to quickly insert a detail without distracting the reader, is a subordinate clause: a nonessential phrase framed by a pair of commas. The subordinate-clause parenthesis is one strategy. Another is to use the punctuation characters called parentheses.

What is phrase and clause with example?

Clause and phrase are parts of a sentence. A clause is a group of words that consists of a subject and a verb. Examples: A phrase is a group of words that does not consist of a subject and a verb. Examples: on a table, under the tree, near the wall, on the roof, at the door.

What is difference between defining and non-defining relative clauses?

A defining relative clause identifies who or what we are speaking about, whereas a non-defining relative clause just gives us more information about who or what we are speaking about. A defining relative clause is essential in a sentence because we need it in order to know who or what someone is describing.

What is a difference between a clause and a phrase?

DEFINITION OF CLAUSE AND PHRASE: A clause is a group of words with a subject-verb unit; the 2nd group of words contains the subject-verb unit the bus goes, so it is a clause. A phrase is a group of words without a subject-verb unit.

How do you punctuate a relative clause?

When the nonessential relative clause is in the middle of the sentence, the comma goes before the relative pronoun and after the clause. When it’s at the end of a sentence, only put a comma before the relative pronoun.

What is Sentential relative clause?

A sentential (also called connective) relative clause does not refer to a preceding noun; it rather comments on the whole preceding clause or sentence: The streets were empty, which was unusual for this time of day. (The fact that the streets were empty was unusual.)

Why do we use relative clauses?

A relative clause is a specific type of subordinate clause that adapts, describes or modifies a noun. Relative clauses add information to sentences by using a relative pronoun such as who, that or which. The relative clause is used to add information about the noun, so it must be ‘related’ to the noun.