What is EBU level?

The EBU has studied the needs of audio signal levels in production, distribution and transmission of broadcast programmes. It is of the opinion that an audio-levelling paradigm based on loudness measurement is needed. Loudness’) for the normalisation of audio signals.

How many DB is LUFS?

roughly 1 DB
After all, both decibels and LUFS are more or less equal as 1 LUF is roughly 1 DB. Both are used to characterize volume. Though these loudness units have a 1 to 1 ratio in audio, they are still used for different things.

What is true peak max?

True Peak: the maximum level that a signal reaches – the “loudest” point in your signal. True Peak is just a more accurate version of peak. It essentially measures peak but at a more detailed level.

What dB should a master be?

So long as your mixes give the mastering engineer room to work, and cover your noise floor, then you’re in a good range. I recommend mixing at -23 dB LUFS, or having your peaks be between -18dB and -3dB.

What LUFS should I master to?

The best mastering level for streaming is an integrated -14 LUFS, as it best fits the loudness normalization settings of the majority of streaming services. Although other measurements like the true peak value and other metrics need to be considered, -14 LUFS is the best mastering level when considering loudness.

Is LKFS and LUFS same?

LKFS and LUFS are identical in that they are both measured in absolute scale and both equal to one decibel (dB). Loudness units (LU) is an additional unit used in EBU R128. It describes Lk without direct absolute reference and therefore describes loudness level differences.

What is the difference of LUFS and LKFS?

Despite the different names, LF KS and LUFS are identical. Both terms describe the same phenomenon and just like LKFS, one unit of LUFS is equal to one dB. LKFS/LUFS are absolute measures, and depending on which broadcast standard is in use, the loudness target level could be e.g. -24 LKFS or -23 LUFS.

What is a good loudness range?

Regarding loudness, A good setting would be from -9 to -13 LUFS with the dynamic range reading on LEVELS not exceeding 8DR. With over 100 million people using Spotify, it’s crucial to make sure your music is heard in its best light. Consider this, the loudest your music will ever be heard on Spotify is about -14 LUFS.