What is conjunctival hooding?

The Gundersen conjunctival flap procedure involves the transposition of a thin flap of conjunctiva to cover the cornea for the relief of painful ocular surface disorders or to provide metabolic support for corneal healing.

What is meant by conjunctival flap?

The conjunctival flap is an acknowledged surgery for the treatment of various corneal diseases with a chronically compromised ocular surface, such as severe dry eye, neurotrophic or neuroparalytic disease, or bullous keratopathy.

How long does it take for a conjunctival graft to heal?

Your pet will receive antibiotic eye drops and pain medication. We also recommend limiting your pet’s activity for a few weeks to allow the eye to heal properly. Typically, the cornea will heal in 6 to 8 weeks. A follow-up appointment is necessary to monitor your pet’s healing.

What are the main ophthalmic findings in corneal ulcer?

Pus or thick discharge from your eye. Blurry vision. Pain when looking at bright lights. Swollen eyelids.

What is bullous keratopathy?

Bullous keratopathy is a corneal disease caused by endothelium decompensation. Patients with bullous keratopathy may present with reduced vision and ocular pain related to epithelial damage and stromal edema.

What is a tectonic corneal graft?

Definition. A type of corneal graft intended to restore the integrity of the globe, or normal corneal thickness, such as in diseases-causing corneal thinning and perforation.

How long is the recovery time for a corneal transplant?

Generally speaking, it can take up to a year to fully recover from a corneal transplant. However, most people are back to their normal routines within one to two weeks with the exception of heavy lifting. It’s advised to wait at least four weeks before doing any heavy lifting, or longer if your doctor advises it.

How do I know if my corneal ulcer is healing?

The best way to tell that the cornea has healed is to repeat the fluorescein stain test. This will be performed by your veterinarian five to seven days after treatment has begun. There appear to be some red streaks near the ulcer.

Does a corneal ulcer require surgery?

Medical treatment is crucial in the initial management, and if the corneal ulceration is persistent and unresponsive to medical treatment, adequate surgical intervention is required. The combination of both types of treatment ensures a successful outcome.

How can you tell the difference between corneal ulcer and keratitis?

A corneal ulcer is a loss of corneal tissue, often associated with inflammation, and ulcerative keratitis is the general term for the group of disease processes leading to corneal ulceration, as well as the term for the inflammation that accompanies ulceration.

Why Atropine is given in corneal ulcer?

Alongside, supportive therapy like pain medications are given, including topical cycloplegics like atropine or homatropine to dilate the pupil and thereby stop spasms of the ciliary muscle. Superficial ulcers may heal in less than a week.