What is an orbital pseudotumor?

Orbital pseudotumor is the swelling of tissue behind the eye in an area called the orbit. The orbit is the hollow space in the skull where the eye sits. The orbit protects the eyeball and the muscles and tissue that surround it. Orbital pseudotumor does not spread to other tissues or places in the body.

How is orbital pseudotumor treated?

Mild cases may go away without treatment. More severe cases most often respond well to corticosteroid treatment. If the condition is very bad, the swelling may put pressure on the eyeball and damage it. Surgery may be needed to remove part of the bones of the orbit to relieve the pressure.

How long does orbital pseudotumor last?

A recent multicenter review of the clinical features and treatment of 31 patients with sclerosing orbital pseudotumor including all patients with histologically confirmed cases from 5 regional orbital centers revealed that the average duration of symptoms at presentation was 13.4 months with predilection for the …

Can orbital tumors be treated?

Tittler, usually performs these procedures. Orbital tumors may be treated with stereotactic radiosurgery. This is a non-invasive procedure where highly focused beams of radiation are directed at the tumor to destroy it.

Are orbital tumors cancerous?

Orbital tumors can be benign or malignant, and they can be either primary (meaning the tumor originates there) or metastatic (meaning the tumor represents the spread of another cancer elsewhere in the body). Some orbital tumors occur most commonly in children, other types are more often diagnosed in adults.

What causes pseudotumor?

Pseudotumor cerebri (PTC), also known as idiopathic intracranial hypertension, is a problem caused by elevated cerebrospinal fluid pressure in the brain.

What causes pseudotumor of the eye?

The etiology of orbital pseudotumor is unknown, but infection, autoimmune disorder, and aberrant wound healings have been put forward as possibilities. The disorder has also been associated with infectious diseases such as Streptococcal pharyngitis, viral upper respiratory infection and Borrelia burgdorferi infection.

What is the best treatment for pseudotumor cerebri?

Pseudotumor Cerebri Treatment Limiting fluids or salt in the diet. Medications, such as diuretics, which help the body to get rid of extra fluid. A spinal tap to remove fluid and reduce pressure. Surgical placement of shunt, or special tube, to redirect fluid from the brain and ease pressure.

What is the most common presenting symptom of pseudotumor cerebri?

Pseudotumor cerebri signs and symptoms might include: Often severe headaches that might originate behind your eyes. A whooshing sound in your head that pulses with your heartbeat. Nausea, vomiting or dizziness.

Inflammations can affect the tissues around the eye (orbit and adnexa). Certain orbital inflammations can look like tumors and are therefore called orbital pseudotumor.

How do you treat an orbital pseudotumor?

Orbital Inflammatory Pseudotumor Treatment. In situations where the orbital inflammatory pseudotumor is mild, the inflammation may resolve without treatment. Many inflammatory pseudotumors are treated with steroid therapy. However, severe cases may cause damaging pressure on the eye.

What is the pathophysiology of angle closure glaucoma secondary to orbital pseudotumor?

Pathophysiology of angle-closure glaucoma secondary to orbital pseudotumor has been described using MRI and ultrasound biomicroscopy, which suggest angle closure from anterior rotation of the ciliary body due to choroidal effusions.

What are the signs and symptoms of Pediatric orbital pseudotumor?

Pediatric Orbital Pseudotumor In children, systemic signs may include headache, emesis, anorexia, lethargy and fever in upto 50% of the patients,14–16which are rarely reported in adult patients.