What is an O functional group called?

Answer: The -OH functional group is the hydroxyl group. OH is an alcohol consisting of an oxygen atom bonded to a hydrogen atom. When this functional group appears in a molecule, the prefix used is “hydroxy”.

What are the 4 functional groups in chemistry?

The four distinct hydrocarbon functional groups are: alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and arenes. Aromatic compounds derive their names from the fact that many of these compounds in the early days of discovery were grouped because they were oils with fragrant odors.

What does OH mean in chemistry?

OH− is a diatomic anion with chemical name Hydroxide. Hydroxide is also called Hydroxyl or Hydroxyl radical or hydroxide ion. It consists of a hydrogen and an oxygen atom which are held together by a covalent bond. The hydrogen carries a negative electric charge.

What is name of OH group in chemistry?

Alternate titles: OH group, hydroxy group, hydroxyl, hydroxyl radical.

How are functional groups formed?

Functional groups are found along the “carbon backbone” of macromolecules which is formed by chains and/or rings of carbon atoms with the occasional substitution of an element such as nitrogen or oxygen. Molecules with other elements in their carbon backbone are substituted hydrocarbons.

What are 10th functional groups?

An atom/group of atoms joined in a specific manner which is responsible for the characteristics chemical properties of the organic compounds is called a functional group.

Why are functional groups important in organic chemistry?

Functional groups are important in chemistry because they are the portion of a molecule that is capable of characteristic reactions. They, therefore, determine the properties and chemistry of many organic compounds. An organic compound is any compound that contains carbon and another element.

What does O stand in his or formula?

The chemical formula for water is H. 2. O. H stands for HYDROGEN. O stands for OXYGEN.

What does O stand for in the periodic table?

Oxygen – Element information, properties and uses | Periodic Table.