What is an Anopsia?

Anopia, also known as blindness, is the absence of vision due to either a structural defect of the eye(s) or the lack of the eye(s) completely.

What’s the difference between hemianopia and hemianopsia?

Hemianopia, sometimes called hemianopsia, is partial blindness or a loss of sight in half of your visual field. It’s caused by brain damage, rather than a problem with your eyes. Depending on the cause, hemianopia may be permanent or temporary.

What does Heteronymous hemianopia mean?

Heteronymous hemianopia. This is the area in your brain where the optic nerves cross and form an “X.” The two types of heteronymous hemianopia are bitemporal and binasal. Bitemporal hemianopia is when you lose vision in the outer half of each eye.

What does a person with hemianopia see?

Homonymous hemianopsia is a condition in which a person sees only one side ― right or left ― of the visual world of each eye. The condition results from a problem in brain function rather than a disorder of the eyes themselves.

What is superior quadrantanopia?

A superior quadrantanopia results from an insult to the optic radiation inferiorly in the temporal lobe, resulting in a ‘pie in the sky’ type of visual field defect (Figure 1d), while an inferior quadrantanopia is caused by damage to the parietal lobe optic radiation (Figure 1e).

Why is macular sparing?

Macular sparing is visual field loss that preserves vision in the center of the visual field, otherwise known as the macula. It appears in people with damage to one hemisphere of their visual cortex, and occurs simultaneously with bilateral homonymous hemianopia or homonymous quadrantanopia.

What is it called when you see things out of the corner of your eye?

It’s called a visual hallucination, and it can seem like your mind is playing tricks on you. Beyond being scary or stressful, it’s also usually a sign that something else is going on. So if it’s happening to you, talk to your doctor. That’s the first step toward getting better.

How is hemianopia diagnosed?

Hemianopsia itself is diagnosed after an in-depth visual evaluation. Imaging, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), can assist with determining what and where the injury in the brain is. This will also assist in getting appropriate treatment to restore function both to the brain and an individual’s visual skills.

What causes Binasal hemianopia?

Organic causes of this unusual field defect include brain space occupying lesions, keratoconus, bilateral internal carotid aneurysms, neurosyphilis, optic neuropathy, optic disc drusen and optic nerve pits, retinitis pigmentosa sine pigmento, as well as pneumosinus dilatans of the sphenoid sinuses.