What is a dado joint in woodworking?

A dado joint, also sometimes referred to as a housing joint, is a very strong type of carpentry joint commonly across a variety of woodworking projects and especially cabinets and shelving. A dado cut creates a channel that runs along the length of a workpiece into which a coordinating piece is secured.

What’s the difference between a dado and rabbet?

Rabbet – a notch cut with or across the grain on the edge of a board with the two sides 90º to each other. Dado – a square or rectangular slot that runs across the grain.

What is a dado joint good for?

A dado joint is made from a three-sided channel cut across the grain of one work piece. A second, mating work piece fits into the slot. Dado joints are often used to build cabinets and bookshelves. Dado joints are easy to make using a table saw or router.

What is the difference between a dado and a groove?

Dadoes and grooves are flat-bottomed recesses that strengthen supporting shelves and connecting panels. A dado runs perpendicular to the grain of the wood while a groove runs parallel to the grain.

What is the strongest wood joint?

Mortise and Tenon Woodworking Joints One of the strongest woodworking joints is the mortise and tenon joint. This joint is simple and strong. Woodworkers have used it for many years.

What are the disadvantages of rabbet joints?

Rabbet Joints: Need precise measurements, which can be hard to manage without power tools. Deals with end grain often, which can be difficult to glue properly. Not always aesthetically pleasing to the eye, often used at the rear of cabinets.

Do dado joints need screws?

Dados would be best, since the mechanical part of the joint will carry most of the load. If you go with butt joints and fasteners, I’d suggest pocket screws instead of either nails or screws into end grain. Pocket screws go into the face of the board instead of the end, so they should hold better.

How deep should a dado joint be?

The dado depth should be no more than one-half the thickness of the stock being dadoed, and its depth should ideally be one-third the stock thickness. For example, in ¾” stock the dado should ideally be ¼” deep and no deeper than ⅜”.

What tools do you use to make a dado joint?

Take a look at the photo above and you’ll see the full complement: a combination square, a marking knife, a good-quality back saw, and a sharp chisel or two. LAYOUT. With your tools gathered on the bench, the first step is to lay out the dado.

Why is it called rabbet joint?

A rabbet is a recess cut into the edge of a workpiece. The piece that extrudes is called the tongue. A rabbet joint is the result of joining a rabbet to another piece of wood, typically to construct shelving and cabinet boxes.