What is 73rd Constitutional Amendment?
The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 has added a new part IX consisting of 16 Articles and the Eleventh Schedule to the Constitution. The 73th Amendment envisages the Gram Sabha as the foundation of the Panchayat Raj System to perform functions and powers entrusted to it by the State Legislatures.
What is the seventy fourth amendment act of the Constitution?
The 74th constitutional amendment act mandated the setting up and devolution of powers to Urban local bodies (ULBs) or city governments as the lowest unit of governance in cities and towns.
What were some of the main features of the 73rd Constitutional Amendment?
The basic features of the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act are: It provides for a 3-tier Panchayat system, which would be constituted in every state at the village level, intermediate level and district level. This provision brought the uniformity in the Panchayati Raj structure in India.
What was the impact of 73rd amendment?
The 73rd Amendment to the Indian Constitution – PRIs at district, block and village levels are granted permanent continuous nature. The Gram Sabha is recognized as a formal democratic body at the village level. Tamil Nadu Panchayats Act, 1994 enacted on 22.04.
What year were the 73 and 74 amendments passed?
73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments were passed by Parliament in December, 1992. Through these amendments local self-governance was introduced in rural and urban India.
Why was the 74th amendment made?
The 74th amendment to the Constitution was intended to empower Urban Local government with decision-making abilities, revenue generation, and financial autonomy.
Why was the 73rd amendment passed in 1993?
The 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act was passed by the Parliament in April 1993. The Amendment provided a Constitutional status to the PanchayatiRaj Institutions in India through insertion of Article 243 to Part IX of Indian Constitution.
When did the 73rd amendment come into force?
April 24, 1993
Through these amendments local self-governance was introduced in rural and urban India. The Acts came into force as the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 on April 24, 1993 and the Constitution (74th Amendment) Act, 1992 on June 1, 1993.
Why the 73rd amendment to the Indian Constitution was needed?
The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act was passed in 1992 and it came into effect on 24 April 1993. The Act empowered state governments to take the necessary steps that would lead to the formalisation of the gram panchayats and help them operate as units of self-governance.
What is the importance of 73rd and 74th amendment act?
The 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments give recognition and protection to local governments and in addition each state has its own local government legislation. Since 1992, local government in India takes place in two very distinct forms.
What is the Seventy third Amendment Act of 1992?
An Act further to amend the Constitution of India. 1. Short title and commencement.- (1) This Act may be called the Constitution (Seventy-third Amendment) Act, 1992. (2) It shall come into force on such date_680 as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
What does the 7th Amendment mean in simple terms?
Seventh Amendment. Amendment VII In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
What is the 17th Amendment to the Constitution?
Seventeenth Amendment. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures. When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided,…
What is the full text of the 2nd Amendment?
The full text of the amendment is: The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures.