What disease does Diphyllobothrium Latum cause?
Diphyllobothrium latum and related species (the fish or broad tapeworm), the largest tapeworms that can infect people, can grow up to 30 feet long. While most infections are asymptomatic, complications include intestinal obstruction and gall bladder disease caused by migration of proglottids.
How is Diphyllobothrium Latum diagnosed?
How is infection with Diphyllobothrium diagnosed? Diagnosis is made by identification of eggs or segments of the tapeworm in a stool sample with a microscope. Eggs are usually numerous, but more than one stool sample may be needed to find them.
What is the infective stage of Diphyllobothrium Latum?
The plerocercoid larvae are the infective stage for humans.
What is the treatment of Diphyllobothrium?
Treatment of diphyllobothriasis is with a single oral dose of praziquantel 5 to 10 mg/kg. Alternatively, a single 2-g dose of niclosamide (unavailable in the US) is given as 4 tablets (500 mg each) that are chewed one at a time and swallowed. For children, the dose is 50 mg/kg (maximum 2 g) once.
Where is Diphyllobothrium latum found?
Diphyllobothrium latum is found in salmonid species and in the musculature of several fish species in North America (pike, yellow perch, walleye and sauger), Europe and northern Asia (pike, perch, ruffe and burbot).
How do you prevent D Latum?
Cook fish at a temperature of 130°F (54.4°C) for five minutes. Freeze fish below 14°F (-10.0°C). Follow proper food safety handling, such as washing hands and avoid cross-contamination with raw fish and fruits and vegetables. Avoid contact with any animal known to be infected with a tapeworm.
How can you prevent Diphyllobothrium latum?
Where can Diphyllobothrium Latum be found?
Where does Diphyllobothrium Latum come from?
Diphyllobothriasis is caused by the fish tapeworm D. latum and is a zoonotic infection mostly attributed to the consumption of raw or undercooked fish.
What causes Nana?
nana, and humans can become infected with the latter by direct ingestion of eggs. Within the arthropod host, the eggs develop into cysticeroids, which can infect the mammalian host upon ingestion and develop into adults in the small intestine.
How do you treat Nana?
Infection is treated with praziquantel or niclosamide. H. nana is only 15 to 40 mm long. It differs from other tapeworm because it requires only one host, but can also cycle through two.
How long can a single D Latum grow to be?
Diphyllobothrium tapeworms can grow up to 2–15 meters in length (3000–4000 segments). Parasites can live up to 20 years and their growth rate may be as high as 22 cm/day.