What causes simple cysts on the liver?

Causes of a liver cyst Liver cysts are the result of a malformation in the bile ducts, although the exact cause of this malformation is unknown. Bile is a fluid made by the liver, which aids in digestion. This fluid travels from the liver to the gallbladder through ducts or tube-like structures.

What does a simple cyst on the liver mean?

Simple liver cysts are fluid-filled cavities in the liver. Usually, they cause no signs or symptoms and need no treatment. However, they may become large enough to cause pain or discomfort in the upper right part of the abdomen. Most liver cysts can be detected on ultrasound or computerized tomography (CT) scans.

Can a simple liver cyst be cancerous?

Liver cysts are thin-walled sacs filled with air, fluids, or semi-solid material. Liver cysts occur in approximately 5% of people. The majority of cysts are benign, but all cancers are able to produce malignant cysts. Patients typically present with a single liver cyst, although multiple cysts sometimes develop.

What is the most common symptom of a simple liver cyst?

Most people who have benign or cancerous liver cysts never have symptoms. Those who do may have the following symptoms: Dull pain in the upper right area of their bellies. Bloated or distended bellies.

At what size should a liver cyst be removed?

If it is less than 1–2 cm, it should be monitored radiologically, instead of attempting surgery, but if it grows to between 2 cm and 5 cm, and definitely if it is over 5 cm, we must consider surgery, if the cyst has radiologic findings that are suspicious for neoplasia.

What foods to avoid if you have liver cysts?

Polycystic liver disease (PLD) is a rare genetic condition in which a person develops cysts throughout their liver….Foods that a person should avoid include:

  • processed foods that contain elevated levels of sugar, fat, and salt.
  • alcohol.
  • raw or uncooked shellfish, such as oysters and clams.

How do you treat a simple liver cyst?

The most effective treatment for liver cysts is surgical removal. Surgeons can usually remove the cyst using a laparoscopic approach, which involves making only 2 or 3 small incisions into the abdomen. After removal, cysts are unlikely to return.

How do I know whether my liver cyst is benign or cancerous?

If you have a cystic liver tumor, the only way to know whether it is benign or cancerous is to surgically remove the entire growth and examine it carefully. People do very well when the surgeon is able to remove the entire tumor during surgery.