What can petroleum coke be used for?
Petroleum coke is a valuable and essential commercial product that is used directly in a wide range of applications including aluminum manufacturing, fuels, and numerous other products including steel, glass, paint, and fertilizers.
Is petroleum coke toxic?
While trace amounts of toxic materials have been measured in petroleum coke, studies on rats show that petroleum coke itself has a low level of toxicity and that there is no evidence of carcinogenicity. EPA’s research does not suggest that petroleum coke poses a different health risk than PM10.
How much is petroleum coke worth?
The price of Petroleum Coke HSR grade was traded between 340-416 USD/MT, while HSP grade was traded around 1000- 1200 USD/MT. The prices have improved by 3-5 percent compared to Q3 2020.
Who uses petcoke?
Fuel grade petcoke is typically very high in heating value (BTUs per pound), produces virtually no ash when burned, and is most commonly used in electric power plants and cement kilns. As a carbon source, petroleum coke is used to manufacture: Energy. Steel.
What is petroleum needle coke?
Needle coke is a specialty grade of pet coke valued for its crystalline structure that makes it a good material for making electrodes. Needle coke is typically produced from a dedicated coker that uses low-sulfur FCC slurry as feedstock.
What is Sponge coke?
Sponge coke is a coherent, dull black porous delayed petroleum coke in which the individual spheres are not apparent and the coke has a continuum of structure. Sponge coke may also refer to an intermediate type of coke between this and shot coke.
What is petcoke coal?
It is abbreviated as Coke or Petcoke, and is a carbon-rich solid material derived from final cracking process — a thermo-based chemical engineering process that splits long chain hydrocarbons of petroleum into shorter chains— that takes place in coker units.
Which process is used to manufacture petroleum coke?
Petroleum coke (petcoke) is a byproduct of the oil refining process. As refineries worldwide seek to operate more efficiently and extract more gasoline and other high value fuels from each barrel of crude oil, a solid carbon material known as petcoke is produced.
What is petcoke made of?
Petcoke is a byproduct created when bitumen found in tar sands, like those in Alberta, Canada, is refined into crude oil. Bitumen contains a higher number of carbon atoms than regular oil and it’s these atoms, extracted from large hydrocarbon molecules using heat, that go on to form petcoke.
How do you make petroleum coke?