What are the main translation theories?

The six main translation theories are: sociological, communicational, hermeneutic, linguistic, literary and semiotic.

What are the three basic types of translation according to Dryden?

Dryden’s theory of translation is well known. He divides translations into three kinds: metaphrase, paraphrase, and imitation.

Who is the father of translation?

Saint Jerome
The findings will boost our understanding about the process through examination of the dossier of the Greek versions of the Vita Sancti Hilarionis, a Latin hagiographical text composed by Saint Jerome (regarded as the ‘Father of Translation’) at the end of the 4th century.

Why do we need translation theory?

Translation is necessary for the spreading new information, knowledge, and ideas across the world. It is absolutely necessary to achieve effective communication between different cultures. In the process of spreading new information, translation is something that can change history.

What are the methods of translation?

What are the main techniques of translation?

  • Borrowing. Borrowing is where words or expressions are taken directly from the source text and carried over into the target language.
  • Calque (loan translation)
  • Literal Translation.
  • Transposition.
  • Modulation.
  • Equivalence/Reformulation.
  • Adaptation.
  • Compensation.

What is translation for John Dryden?

Dryden translated works by Horace, Juvenal, Ovid, Lucretius, and Theocritus, a task which he found far more satisfying than writing for the stage. In 1694 he began work on what would be his most ambitious and defining work as translator, The Works of Virgil (1697), which was published by subscription.

How does Dryden define the primary duty of a translator?

A translator, Dryden maintains, must “maintain” the “Character” of his original and not make him “unlike” himself. But to this end, and buoyed up by confidence in his own recent achievements, he is prepared to allow a translator far greater freedom than he had in 1680.

Which saint Wrote the Bible?


Saint Jerome
Feast 30 September (Latin Catholic Church), 15 June (Eastern Orthodox Church)
Attributes Lion, cardinal attire, cross, skull, trumpet, owl, books and writing material
Patronage Archaeologists; archivists; Bible scholars; librarians; libraries; school children; students; translators; Morong, Rizal; Dalmatia

What is an example of interlingual translation?

interlingual translation – translation from one language to another, and 3. intersemiotic translation – translation of the verbal sign by a non-verbal sign, for example music or image.