What are subcutaneous mycoses?

Subcutaneous mycoses are chronic fungal infections of the skin and subcutaneous tissues caused by variety of fungal agents and usually occur following trauma with vegetative matter.

Which diseases is an example of subcutaneous mycoses?

Subcutaneous Mycoses

Disease Causative organisms
Mycotic mycetoma Scedosporium, Madurella, Trematosphaeria, Acremonium, Exophiala etc.
Subcutaneous zygomycosis (Entomophthoromycosis) Basidiobolus ranarum Conidiobolus coronatus
Subcutaneous zygomycosis (Mucormycosis) Rhizopus, Mucor, Rhizomucor, Lichtheimia, Saksenaea etc.

How do you treat subcutaneous mycoses?

Treatment usually involves use of antifungal agents and/or surgical excision. Treatment of some serious subcutaneous mycoses remains unresolved, and there have been reports of relapses or progression during therapy and problems with lack of tolerability of antifungal drugs.

What is subcutaneous and systemic mycoses?

Mycoses, or fungal infections, can be broadly classified as superficial, cutaneous, subcutaneous, and systemic, based on their degree of invasiveness. Superficial and cutaneous mycoses are both caused by fungi that affect the superficial layers of skin, hair, and nails.

What is the mode of transmission of subcutaneous mycoses?

As for the pathogenesis, subcutaneous tissue mycoses are due to the direct and traumatic penetration into the subcutaneous tissue of fungal conidia of telluric mycetes, mostly through minor or (not apparent) invisible traumas.

What is the difference between cutaneous and subcutaneous?

The term “cutaneous” refers to the skin. Subcutaneous means beneath, or under, all the layers of the skin. For example, a subcutaneous cyst is under the skin.

What causes subcutaneous infection?

Etiology: Most episodes of cellulitis are caused by group A and non-group A streptococci. When S. aureus is the cause of a cellulitic process, a small central purulent focus or even a deeper subcutaneous abscess may be present. A variety of other pathogens cause cellulitis in distinct clinical settings.

How is cutaneous mycoses transmitted?

Zoophilic species are primarily parasitic on animals and infections may be transmitted to humans following contact with the animal host. Zoophilic infections usually elicit a strong host response and on the skin where contact with the infective animal has occurred ie arms, legs, body or face.

What are the types of mycoses?

Fungal infection

Mycosis
Types Systemic, superficial, subcutaneous
Causes Pathogenic fungus: dermatophytes, yeasts, molds
Risk factors Immunodeficiency, cancer treatment, large surface area wounds/burns, organ transplant, COVID-19, tuberculosis
Diagnostic method Based on symptoms, culture, microscopic examination

What is subcutaneous tissue?

Your hypodermis is the bottom layer of skin in your body. It has many functions, including insulating your body, protecting your body from harm, storing energy and connecting your skin to your muscles and bones. Appointments 216.444.5725.

What is the medical definition for subcutaneous?

Subcutaneous means beneath, or under, all the layers of the skin. For example, a subcutaneous cyst is under the skin.