What are differential diagnosis for seizures?

Migraine (eg, migrainous aura, migraine equivalent) Vascular conditions (eg, transient ischemic attacks) Sleep disorders (eg, cataplexy, narcolepsy, night terror) Movement disorders (eg, paroxysmal dyskinesia)

What causes unexplained seizures in children?

What Causes Seizures? The most common type of seizure in children is from a fever (called a febrile seizure). Other causes include infections, low blood sodium, medicines, drug use (amphetamines or cocaine), brain injury or a tumor, and genetic changes. Sometimes, a seizure’s cause is never found.

Which is the most important differential diagnosis of first seizure?

Scheepers et al reported that cardiovascular disease was the most common diagnosis among patients whose conditions were initially misdiagnosed as epilepsy. Using a comprehensive battery of cardiovascular tests in a population of patients diagnosed with epilepsy, Zaidi et al reported alternative diagnoses in 41%.

What are seizure mimics?

Epilepsy mimics such as syncope and psychogenic attacks, can present like epilepsy, and can be erroneously managed as epilepsy. There are also several conditions at the borderland that closely relate to epilepsy yet are probably separate from it, eg. migralepsy and parasomnia.

What are the four types of seizures?

The four different types of epilepsy are defined by the type of seizure a person experiences. They are: generalized epilepsy….Types of epilepsy

  • generalized seizures.
  • focal seizures.
  • unknown seizures.

Can too much screen time cause seizures?

Too much texting and exposure to computer screens – electronic stress – can set off an epileptic attack. Factors like emotional stress, skipping meals, sleep deprivation, fatigue, smoking, alcohol consumption, etc. can also trigger seizures in persons with epilepsy.

What are non epileptic seizures?

Seizures that are not due to epilepsy are sometimes called ‘non-epileptic seizures’. They can have a physical cause such as low blood sugar (hypoglycaemia) or may be related to how the heart is working. Or they may have a psychological cause.

Can a blood test detect a seizure?

The blood test, which must be used within 10 to 20 minutes after a seizure, can identify the types of seizures called generalized tonic-clonic seizures and complex partial seizures in both adults and older children.

What can mimic epileptic seizures?

Many conditions have symptoms similar to epilepsy, including first seizures, febrile seizures, nonepileptic events, eclampsia, meningitis, encephalitis, and migraine headaches.

  • First Seizures.
  • Febrile Seizures.
  • Nonepileptic Events.
  • Eclampsia.
  • Meningitis.
  • Encephalitis.
  • Migraine.

Are seizures misdiagnosed?

Background: As many as 20% to 30% of epileptics may have been misdiagnosed. Many of these patients may have cardiovascular syncope, with abnormal movements due to cerebral hypoxia, which may be difficult to differentiate from epilepsy on clinical grounds.