How does a ripple tank show refraction?

Refraction. If a sheet of glass is placed in the tank, the depth of water in the tank will be shallower over the glass than elsewhere. The speed of a wave in water depends on the depth, so the ripples slow down as they pass over the glass. This causes the wavelength to decrease.

How do you observe waves in a ripple tank?


  1. Set up the ripple tank as shown in the diagram with about 5 cm depth of water.
  2. Adjust the height of the wooden rod so that it just touches the surface of the water.
  3. Switch on the lamp and motor and adjust the speed of the motor until low frequency waves can be clearly observed.

Which of the following are examples of diffraction?

The most striking examples of diffraction are those that involve light; for example, the closely spaced tracks on a CD or DVD act as a diffraction grating to form the familiar rainbow pattern seen when looking at a disc.

How is a wave refracted?

Refraction is the bending of a wave-front as it travels at different speeds over water of different depths. When different parts of the same wave-front travel at different speeds, the wave bends towards the slower part. The shallower the water, the slower the wave; therefore the wave bends towards the shallower water.

What is the wavelength of a ripple?

Capillary waves are common in nature, and are often referred to as ripples. The wavelength of capillary waves on water is typically less than a few centimeters, with a phase speed in excess of 0.2–0.3 meter/second.

What is the best example of refraction?

Glass. Glass is a perfect everyday example of light refraction. Looking through a glass jar will make an object look smaller and slightly lifted. If a slab of glass is placed over a document or piece of paper, then the words will look closer to the surface because of the different angle the light is bending.

Is Aquarium reflection or refraction?

In the aquarium, you may be able to see both the reflected beam, which bounces back into the water, and the refracted beam, which comes out of the water and into the air. (Dust in the air helps you see the refracted beam.