How does a reciprocating compressor operate?

During the first stage of compression, air moves into the cylinder via a suction valve, triggered by the movement of the piston. This creates a vacuum. The piston then reverses its motion, fulfilling the “reciprocating” part of the name, and begins compressing the air in the process.

What is the construction and operation of reciprocating compressor?

Construction and working of reciprocating compressor It consists of a piston, inlet-outlet valves, cylinder with an adequate cooling arrangement, connecting rod and crank. The pistons are fitted with piston rings to avoid gas leakage. Both valves are designed to quick and leak-free operation.

What is compressor maintenance?

Air compressor maintenance involves a set of practices that need to be performed to varying degrees on compressors of all makes and models. Whether you operate one compressor or several, you should routinely inspect key components of the machine and service them, if necessary.

What is reciprocating compressor in detail?

A reciprocating compressor or piston compressor is a positive-displacement compressor that uses pistons driven by a crankshaft to deliver gases at high pressure. Pressures of up to 5,000 PSIG are commonly produced by multistage reciprocating compressors.

What is the advantage of reciprocating compressor?


Rotary Screw Reciprocating
100% Duty Cycle Simple maintenance
Long lifespan Capable of high pressures
Better energy efficiency

What are the components of a reciprocating compressor?

Major Components of a Reciprocating Compressor

  • Frame.
  • Cylinders.
  • Distance Piece.
  • Piston.
  • Piston rings.
  • Cross Head.
  • Crankshaft.
  • Connecting Rod.