## How does a hydroelectric barrage work?

Near the bottom of the dam wall there is the water intake. Gravity causes it to fall through the penstock inside the dam. At the end of the penstock there is a turbine propellor, which is turned by the moving water. The shaft from the turbine goes up into the generator, which produces the power.

## How does an impoundment generate electricity?

An impoundment facility, typically a large hydropower system, uses a dam to store river water in a reservoir. Water released from the reservoir flows through a turbine, spinning it, which in turn activates a generator to produce electricity.

How do water turbines work?

A water turbine is much like a windmill, except the energy is provided by falling water instead of wind. The turbine converts the kinetic energy of falling water into mechanical energy. Generator. Connected to the turbine by shafts and possibly gears so when the turbine spins it causes the generator to spin also.

How does a river dam work?

Typically, a river is blocked by a dam to create a large reservoir of water. The water from the reservoir is allowed to flow over the dam in a controlled way. As the water falls it turns turbines and generates electricity.

### How do tidal barrages produce electricity?

During an incoming high tide, water flows over the turbines as the water rises. Then, the water flows back through the turbines as it becomes low tide. The turbines are connected to a generator which produces the electricity.

### How is barrage used for power generation?

Figure 1: At low tide, stored water flows out from the reservoir into the sea and turns the turbines. Tidal barrage systems are a tidal power generation method that work similar to hydropower and have sluices that control the tidal flow to drive turbines and generate electricity.

How does a water turbine generate electricity?

Hydroelectric power is produced with moving water At hydropower plants water flows through a pipe, or penstock, then pushes against and turns blades in a turbine to spin a generator to produce electricity.

How can water be used to generate electricity?

At the plant level, water flows through a pipe—also known as a penstock—and then spins the blades in a turbine, which, in turn, spins a generator that ultimately produces electricity. Most conventional hydroelectric facilities operate this way, including run-of-the-river systems and pumped storage systems.

#### What are the 3 types of water turbine?

Turbines used in hydroelectric power plants fall into two categories: Impulse and Reaction based. Impulse based turbines include Pelton and cross-flow turbines. Reaction based turbines include three subtypes: Francis turbine, propeller turbine (bulb turbine, Straflo turbine, Kaplan turbine types), and kinetic turbine.

#### What type of turbine is used in tidal barrages?

Tidal power surrounds gravitational hydropower, which uses the movement of water to push a turbine to generate electricity. The turbines are likened to wind turbines, except they are positioned underwater.