How do you prevent IDD?

At a population level, iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) can be prevented by the iodization of food products or the water supply. In practice, this is usually achieved by iodization of salt. An alternative in some developing countries has been the periodic injection of iodized oil supplements.

Which states are called as goitre belt in India?

The prevalence of goitre was highest in Maharashtra (11.9%) and West Bengal (9%). In India the entire population is prone to IDD due to deficiency of iodine in the soil of the subcontinent and consequently the food derived from it.

Which program initiated the use of iodized salt for the prevention of IDD *?

Daily consumption of iodized/iodated salt is the most effective and inexpensive way to prevent IDD. In 1962, the government of India implemented the National Goitre Control Programme, now called the National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme (NIDDCP).

Which strategy is used to eradicate iodine deficiency in India?

Universal Salt Iodization (USI) has been recognized as a key strategy for control of IDD.

What are symptoms of low iodine?

But a lack of iodine can cause an abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland, known as a goiter, and other thyroid problems….What are the signs of iodine deficiency?

  • fatigue.
  • increased sensitivity to cold.
  • constipation.
  • dry skin.
  • weight gain.
  • puffy face.
  • muscle weakness.
  • elevated blood cholesterol levels.

What food is rich in iodine?

Iodine is found mainly in animal protein foods and sea vegetables, and to a lesser extent in fortified foods like breads, cereals, and milk.

  • Seaweed (nori, kelp, kombu, wakame)
  • Fish, shellfish (cod, canned tuna, oysters, shrimp)
  • Table salts labeled “iodized”
  • Dairy (milk, cheese, yogurt)
  • Eggs.
  • Beef liver.
  • Chicken.

What is endemic goitre?

Endemic goitre occurs when the prevalence of thyroid enlargement in the population of an area exceeds 10%. With few exceptions its cause is iodine deficiency superimposed on other goitrogenic factors normally present and responsible for sporadic goitre.

In which year was Niddcp established?

National lodine Deficiency Disordres Control Programme (NIDDCP) formerly known as National Goitre Control Progar mme (NGCP) is being implemented from 1962.

Which disease is caused by iodine?

Worldwide, iodine deficiency is the most common cause of thyroid enlargement and goiter (see goiter brochure). Within a goiter, nodules can develop.