## Can you do MANOVA in SPSS?

MANOVA in SPSS is done by selecting “Analyze,” “General Linear Model” and “Multivariate” from the menus. As in ANOVA, the first step is to identify the dependent and independent variables. MANOVA in SPSS involves two or more metric dependent variables.

**How do I read MANOVA in SPSS?**

The steps for interpreting the SPSS output for MANOVA

- Look in the Box’s Test of Equality of Covariance Matrices, in the Sig.
- Look in the Levene’s Test of Equality of Error Variances table, under the Sig.
- Look in the Multivariate Tests table, under the Sig.

**How many participants do you need for a MANOVA?**

As we can see, the minimum sample size is 74. Since 74 is not divisible by 4, the number of groups, if we require a balanced model, then the minimum sample is 76, the next highest number larger than 74 that is divisible by 4.

### Is two-way ANOVA same as MANOVA?

The main difference between ANOVA and MANOVA is that ANOVA is used when there is only one variable present to calculate the mean, while MANOVA is used when there are two or more than two variables present. ANOVA stands for analysis variant, while MANOVA stands for multivariate analysis variant.

**What is a 2×2 MANOVA?**

Independent groups (in a two-way MANOVA) are groups where there is no relationship between the participants in any of the groups. Most often, this occurs simply by having different participants in each group. This is generally considered the most important assumption (Hair et al., 2014).

**How do you analyze MANOVA results?**

Complete the following steps to interpret general MANOVA….

- Step 1: Test the equality of means from all the responses.
- Step 2: Determine which response means have the largest differences for each factor.
- Step 3: Assess the differences between group means.
- Step 4: Assess the univariate results to examine individual responses.

## What is the minimum sample size for MANOVA?

The required sample size is calculated as shown in cell G8 of Figure 2. As we can see, the minimum sample size is 46. Since 46 is not divisible by 2 ⨯ 3 = 6, the number of interaction groups, if we require a balanced model, then the minimum sample is 48, the next highest number larger than 46 that is divisible by 6.

**Why use a MANOVA instead of ANOVA?**

The correlation structure between the dependent variables provides additional information to the model which gives MANOVA the following enhanced capabilities: Greater statistical power: When the dependent variables are correlated, MANOVA can identify effects that are smaller than those that regular ANOVA can find.