Can bioremediation be genetically engineered?

Abstract. Genetically engineered microorganisms (GEMs) have shown potential for bioremediation applications in soil, groundwater, and activated sludge environments, exhibiting enhanced degradative capabilities encompassing a wide range of chemical contaminants.

What is the most commonly used microbes in bioremediation?

Bacteria, archaea and fungi are typical prime bioremediators [2]. The application of bioremediation as a biotechnological process involving microorganisms for solving and removing dangers of many pollutants through biodegradation from the environment.

Which bacteria is commonly used to degrade derivatives of oil?

Recent studies have identified bacteria from more than 79 genera that are capable of degrading petroleum hydrocarbons (Tremblay et al., 2017); several of these bacteria such as Achromobacter, Acinetobacter, Alkanindiges, Alteromonas, Arthrobacter, Burkholderia, Dietzia, Enterobacter, Kocuria, Marinobacter.

What is bioremediation GMO?

The bioremediation process uses the living organisms, like plants and microorganisms to detoxify environmental pollutants into minimal toxic forms. The microorganisms play a main role in transforming the toxic compounds through the biochemical reactions that take place as a part of their metabolism.

How can genetic engineering be used to improve the bioremediation process?

In order to improve bioremediation efficiency, different molecular processes within a microbial cell can be targeted using genetic engineering. This can include introducing a new gene or upregulating the expression of an existing gene. The latter is done using regulator sequences.

What microorganisms are used in bioremediation of oil spills?

Many genera of plant, microbes, and fungi have demonstrated oil remediating properties including Spartina, Haloscarcia, Rhizophora, Nocardioides, Dietzia, and Microbacterium.

Is Pseudomonas putida used to clean oil spills?

A species called Pseudomonas putida is widely used in oil spill decontamination or bioremediation. It is known to break down many aromatic compounds like hydrocarbons.

Is Pseudomonas putida a superbug?

Superbug (Pseudomonas putida)

What bacteria is used to clean up oil spills?

Meet Alcanivorax borkumensis, or A. borkumensis for short. This rod-shaped microbe lives in all of the world’s oceans with a special preference for oil-polluted areas, as it uses hydrocarbon molecules for food.