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The World Cancer Research Fund has found some significant evidence that suggests consumption of alcohol and processed meat could increase risk of developing stomach cancer.
Stomach cancer is nearly fatal and only a fifth of people diagnosed with the particular cancer survive the disease for five or more years. In United Kingdom (UK), stomach cancer is the 16th most common cancer which affected nearly 7,100 people in the year 2013. Stomach cancer is more common in men than women.
The researchers till now had established the risk factor of stomach cancer as consumption of too much salt and smoking. Although alcohol consumption is also sometimes cited as a risk factor but there has not been sufficient evidence associating it with stomach cancer. However, the recent analysis by the cancer research fund could cause a change in perception.
The analysis was conducted by the researchers from Imperial College London and then it was later reviewed by an established panel of leading international scientists. In order to reach the findings, the researchers looked at the results of around 89 different studies conducted worldwide which included around 77,000 cases of people having stomach cancer.
The researchers during the evaluation found out that around 3 or more alcoholic drinks ever day could increase the risk of getting stomach cancer. The researchers also found out that consumption of processed or preserved food with high-salt content could also increase stomach cancer risks. The preserved food products included pickled vegetables, salted and fried fish.
Commenting on the findings of the report, chair of the Alcohol Health Alliance, Professor Sir Ian Gilmore said “We were aware that alcohol causes 7 types of cancer, and worryingly, this report now demonstrates a link with an eighth – stomach cancer.The link between alcohol and cancer is one of the reasons the chief medical officers (CMOs) in the UK revised their alcohol consumption guideline at the beginning of the year.”
The researchers also noted that being overweight or obese could also increase the risk of stomach cardia cancer.