Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is widely known as a deadly disease which eventually turns fatal for the patients, however a recent report has stated that it can have serious effects on a person’s fertility too.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the transmission of the HIV virus from an infected mother to her child can range from 14 percent to 45 percent. However, this rate can be reduced to less than five percent if effective treatment is administered to the mother during the cycle of pregnancy, delivery and breastfeeding. This process mainly includes antiretroviral treatment.
Doctors say that a woman infected with HIV could suffer from serious PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease) as her immune system severely gets weakened leading to infertility.
“Prior to the initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the prospect of parenthood raised a number of issues for people with HIV. This included a high risk of transmission to a partner and to the infant as well. A woman with HIV may suffer from serious PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease) as the immune system is weakened. So, it’s better to prevent AIDS rather than treatment for fertility,” says Dr. Priti Gupta, First Step IVF Clinic, according to India Today.
Women who are HIV positive are likely to have an anovulatory cycle and amenorrhea, or a complete absence of a menstrual cycle. In addition to these conditions, there are other factors which could lead to infertility in HIV + women, which include stress, weakened immune systems, weight loss, and the presence of various sexually transmitted diseases.
Experts say that those women who avoid undergoing antiretroviral therapy, end up having complications most of the time.
Reports state that in male HIV positive patients, sperm function can get affected by the diseases. Inflammation of the testicles and production of insufficient testosterone levels might occur in HIV infected men. Such people also experience decreased sex drive and erectile or ejaculatory dysfunction.